Blinatumomab Plus HLA-Mismatched Cellular Therapy for Relapsed/Refractory CD19+ ALL

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Feb 14, 2024
  • participants needed
    10
  • sponsor
    Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Updated on 14 February 2021
stem cell transplantation
flow cytometry
gilbert's syndrome
blinatumomab
cellular therapy
cytopenias

Summary

Single center Phase 1 dose escalation trial of the combination of standard-of-care blinatumomab plus Haplo-Mismatched Cellular Therapy (HMCT). HMCT refers to the infusion of donor peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected via pheresis from a haploidentical family member - the procedure is analogous to giving a donor lymphocyte infusion outside of the setting of an allogeneic stem cell transplant; also known as 'microtransplantation'. The HMCT is an unselected mix of lymphocytes and leukocytes, but the product dose escalation will be done based on the T cell content.

Ten recipients are planned. Each subject will be administered one infusion of HMCT during the first cycle of blinatumomab and two infusions during cycle two of blinatumomab; the CD3+ cell dose of the HMCT infusion is governed by dose escalation / de-escalation following a Bayesian method.

Description

This single center, phase 1 study will examine the safety, side effects, and effectiveness of combining the investigational use of Haplo-Mismatched Cellular Therapy (HMCT) in combination with blinatumomab. Investigators plan to give HMCT starting on day 15, after the initial CRS caused by blinatumomab has resolved. The investigational treatment will start with 1% of the typical HMCT dose (10e6 CD3+ cells/kg) and will employ a modified dose escalation design as an additional safety measure. The primary end points will be DLT of the combination of blinatumomab and HMCT.

Details
Condition Burkitt's Lymphoma, ALL, Adult, ALL, Adult, ALL, Adult, ALL, Adult, b all, ALL, Adult, ALL, Adult
Treatment Blinatumomab, Haplo-Mismatched Cell Therapy (HMCT)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03751709
SponsorCedars-Sinai Medical Center
Last Modified on14 February 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Relapsed/Refractory CD19+ Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Patients with minimal residual disease detected by NGS > 10e-6 or multiparameter flow cytometry > 10e-5 in blood or bone marrow are eligible
Patients must belong to one of the following 'high risk' categories: (i) at least 2nd relapse or refractory to at least one salvage therapy (ii) relapse after autologous stem cell transplantation, (iii) any relapse in a patient with no immediate allogeneic transplant option (such as advanced age, comorbidity, lack of identified donor, or patient refusal) (iv) Patients with Ph+ ALL will be allowed on the trial at the discretion of the treating physician if they are no longer candidates for further TKI based therapy. Prior therapy with a minimum of 2 prior 2nd/3rd generation TKI is required. (TKI therapy is not allowed while on trial)
Patients with prior blinatumomab treatment are eligible if last treatment was at least 3 months prior to C1D1, patient's blasts are confirmed to express CD19, and patient did not develop Grade 4 toxicities with prior blinatumomab therapy
Age 18 years
Patient has at least one medically fit first- or second-degree family member who is a potential haploidentical donor. In addition, the prospective donor is willing to voluntarily donate peripheral blood cells, and sign consent forms. For minors, consent will be obtained from parent/guardian (assent from the minor is required)
Patients must have adequate organ function as defined below (note there are no marrow function criteria, cytopenias will not result in exclusion)
Serum creatinine 2.0 x the upper limits of institutional normal (ULN)
Total bilirubin 1.5x the upper limits of institutional normal, unless elevated bilirubin is attributed to liver involvement of leukemia or Gilbert's disease
AST/ALT 2.5 x the upper limits of institutional normal ( 5 x ULN for patients with suspected liver involvement of leukemia)
ECOG performance status of 0, 1, or 2, and estimated survival of at least 3 months
Patients must be able to understand and agree to sign an IRB-approved informed consent form
The effects of treatment on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control or complete abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study, and for two months after study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
Written informed consent obtained from subject and ability for subject to comply with the requirements of the study

Exclusion Criteria

Prior allogeneic stem cell transplant
Prior treatment with fludarabine or cladribine within the last six months prior to C1D1, or treatment with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) or alemtuzumab within the last 1 year
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Pregnant and/or lactating
Who have had non-biopsy surgery in the last 10 days
Who have active CNS disease. Patients with previously treated leptomeningeal disease without evidence of remaining leukemia cells by spinal fluid will be eligible. Intrathecal chemo may be given for prophylaxis for patients who previously had CNS involvement but have now cleared the CSF, at the discretion of the treating physician. Recommend to avoid IT chemotherapy for a few days before or after HMCT infusion
History or presence of clinically relevant CNS pathology such as epilepsy, childhood or adult seizure, paresis, aphasia, stroke, severe brain injuries, dementia, Parkinson's disease, cerebellar disease, organic brain syndrome, or psychosis (patients with minor prior stroke who are cognitively intact and capable of performing all ADLs are permitted)
Patients with known active autoimmune disorder
Known infection with HIV virus
Patients concurrently taking the following drugs are excluded: mycophenolate, cyclosporine, prednisone > 20mg/day, or immunosuppressive agents (low dose maintenance chemotherapy - POMP, hydroxyurea, low dose prednisone - is allowed until 24 hours prior to starting blinatumomab)
Patients known to have active hepatitis B or C (Hepatitis B positive patients are allowed if they are on appropriate antiviral agents such as lamivudine)
Subject likely to not be available to complete all protocol-required study visits or procedures, including follow-up visits, and/or to comply with all required study procedures to the best of the subject and Investigator's knowledge
History or evidence of any other clinically significant disorder, condition or
disease (with the exception of those outlined above) that, in the opinion of
the Investigator or Amgen physician, if consulted, would pose a risk to
subject safety or interfere with the study evaluation, procedures or
completion
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