Cystic Fibrosis and Gut Dysmotility: The Effect of Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) on Intestinal Transit

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 13, 2022
  • participants needed
    15
  • sponsor
    St. Louis University
Updated on 15 June 2022

Summary

The investigators will recruit 15 patients with cystic fibrosis 18 years of age and older who present with constipation. The investigators will assess baseline motility symptoms with a survey. Patients will then ingest a SmartPill (trademark) to obtain baseline motility within the GI lumen. All patients will undergo intervention with taking polyethylene glycol (PEG) or Miralax (brand name) 17 grams once daily. After two weeks of therapy, the patient will repeat the motility survey and again ingest a smart pill to assess the change in motility symptoms while on therapy.

Description

Background

Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disorder involving mutation of the cystic transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein. The consequences of this genetic mutation leads to dysregulated epithelial fluid transportation. Abnormalities of the CFTR protein have multisystem motility complications - it affects primarily the lungs, pancreas, vas deferens, and the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Cystic Fibrosis causes multiple issues in the GI tract. The CFTR protein is expressed throughout the GI tract at the apical enterocyte membrane. Per recent studies, it has the highest concentration in the duodenum and decreases as the small bowel terminates into the large intestine. Patients often experience symptoms secondary to dysmotility from abnormal salt and water regulation into the gastrointestinal lumen. Cystic Fibrosis patients are at risk for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), intestinal dysbiosis, inflammation, distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS), constipation, and postprandial delayed gastric emptying.

Multiple studies have been done to evaluate gastrointestinal motility in the CF patients. One study reviewed gastric muscle rhythms in CF patients via pre and post-prandial electrogastrography (EGG) and found postprandial bradygastria. Patients had symptom improvement with initiation of cisapride however this drug is not FDA approved in different continents. Another study researched GI transit times via the magnet-based motility tracking system and found increased transit in the upper small intestine compared to control populations. Overall, CF patients were found to have delayed small intestine transit time with the magnetic pill reaching the cecum in only 2 of 10 CF patients in a 7 hour period compared to 14 of 16 control patients. Hydrogen Breath tests have diagnosed SIBO in CF patients however overall delay in intestinal transit affect interpretation of results. Empiric treatment with antibiotics or laxatives is recommended with some improvement in patient symptoms. Mouse studies have shown that use of Miralax (brand name) or polyethylene glycol (PEG) laxative decreased bacterial overgrowth in 90% of Cystic Fibrosis mice. Further studies showed that daily PEG use decreases positive breath tests in a small study of CF patients. While there have been multiple studies showing symptomatic improvement of SIBO and DIOS with PEG and/or other laxative agents, none have measured whether or not these medications improve intestinal transit time. The aim of this research project is to evaluate total intraluminal transit time in CF patients and the effects of PEG on transit time and patient symptoms.

Study Description:

This is a prospective cohort study. This is an investigator initiated study. Once enrolled, patients will spend a total of 4 weeks in the study. All participants will receive the intervention. There will be no randomization in this study.

Information pulled from the patient's medical record includes the patient's name, medical record number, date of birth, cystic fibrosis genotype, medication list, and medical history.

Study Procedures:

  1. Initial recruiting visit: Informed consent to participate in the research study will be obtained.The patient will need to have a 2 week washout period where all non-essential medications that alter gut motility are temporarily stopped. The medications withheld will be at the discretion of the physician.This list will be provided to the patient. The patients on pancreatic enzyme replacement must remain on this as to not affect study outcomes.
  2. Second visit: The patient will complete Rome IV Diagnostic Questionnaire (R4DQ) for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders in Adults (FGIDs). This Questionnaire is considered a research procedure. Once procedural informed consent is obtained, the patient will be fitted for the recorder and ingest the SmartPill. The patient will return the receiver up to seven days after the capsule was ingested.The SmartPill is considered a research procedure. If the SmartPill is not excreted after day 7, the patient will obtain an outpatient abdominal X-ray to determine if the SmartPill device is retained in the intestines. A pregnancy test will be performed prior to any potential radiation exposure for female patients of child-bearing ages, 13-50 years old. The X-ray, if completed, is considered a research procedure.

**If there is concern the SmartPill may be retained in the intestine, the patient may be asked to take a Patency agile capsule. This will require the patient to obtain a abdominal X-ray 24 hours after ingestion as an outpatient to localize the capsule's location. This is considered standard of care.

3. Study period (two weeks): After 7 days, the patient will begin intervention with polyethylene glycol (PEG) 17 g therapy for total of 2 weeks. If persistent symptoms (no bowel movements in > 24 hours, abdominal pain, straining, bloating), then the patient can increase to 17 g twice daily. The patient will call the office after 1 week to determine if step up to twice daily therapy is warranted.

The patients will receive a log to record time of PEG ingestion, if PEG was taken with meals, a log of other medications taken during the intervention timeline, and recording symptoms of constipation. Patients will be advised to avoid non-essential drugs that can alter gut motility (see attached list found on the patient log) during the treatment period. The study drug is considered standard of care procedure.

4. Third visit: Two weeks following initiation of therapy, the patient will repeat the Rome IV Diagnostic Questionnaire for Adult FGIDs (R4DQ) and ingest the second SmartPill to assess for change in gut motility. Procedural informed consent will be obtained prior the questionnaire and ingestion of the SmartPill. This Questionnaire and SmartPill device is considered a research procedure. The patient will return the receiver up to seven days after the capsule was ingested.The SmartPill is considered a research procedure. If the SmartPill is not excreted after day 7, the patient will obtain an outpatient abdominal XRay to determine if the SmartPill device is retained in the intestines. A pregnancy test will be performed prior to any potential radiation exposure for female patients of child-bearing ages, 13-50 years old.The X Ray, if completed, is considered a research procedure.

**If there is concern the SmartPill may be retained in the intestine, the patient may be asked to take a Patency agile capsule. This will require the patient to obtain a abdominal X Ray 24 hours after ingestion as an outpatient to localize the capsule's location. This is considered standard of care.

5. Fourth visit: The patient will return the recorder equipment for analysis and will complete a post study questionnaire and undergo review of their therapy log detailing how the medication was taken. This Questionnaire is considered a research procedure.

The subject participation in the study ends at this point.

Details
Condition Cystic Fibrosis Gastrointestinal Disease
Treatment Polyethylene Glycol 3350, SmartPill Motility System & PillCam Patency Capsule
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04210427
SponsorSt. Louis University
Last Modified on15 June 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

previously diagnosed with CF confirmed with genetic mutations consistent with CF
greater than 18 years old who chose to participate in the research study
have symptoms of constipation (constipation will be defined as stool frequency less than three times per week, Bristol stool scale form 1-2 in >25% of stools, and/or the sensation of incomplete evacuation, manual maneuvers to facilitate stools, and the sensation of blockage)
The patients enrolled are allowed to be on CFTR modulating drugs and/or receiving enteral
feeding

Exclusion Criteria

minors (<18 years old)
active nicotine use or patients on nicotine replacement
history of abdominal surgery (surgeries involving gastrointestinal luminal resection)
ie small bowel or colonic resection that increases risk of post-operative strictures
history of lung transplantation or pancreas transplant
or narrowing of the lumen. Surgeries such as Nissen fundoplication, gastrostomy tube
BMI >40
placement, gynecologic surgeries, appendectomy, and/or cholecystectomy are not
excluded from this study
pregnancy (this will be screened via urine pregnancy test)
incarcerated persons
patients with DIOS (distal intestinal obstructive syndrome)
patients with known hypersensitivity to PEG
persons unable to remain off the contraindicated medications
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