Last updated on December 2019

Ketamine to Improve Recovery After Cesarean Delivery - Part 1

Brief description of study

The objective of this study is evaluate the breastmilk transfer and pharmacokinetics (Part 1) and effectiveness (Part 2) of a post-cesarean delivery intravenous ketamine bolus-and-infusion strategy, as a preventive analgesic modality to reduce pain and opioid requirements. Physiochemical, PK/PD, and breastmilk transfer of ketamine and its metabolites, as well as calculated estimations for neonatal exposure will be assessed in Part 1. In Part 2, PK/PD assessments will continue in a larger cohort. Endpoints will also include postpartum pain, depression scores, central sensitization measures, patient-reported postpartum recovery scores, breastfeeding, and parent-infant bonding, assessed in the acute post-cesarean period and up to 12 weeks postpartum.

Detailed Study Description

Postpartum pain management strategies currently permit opioids for breakthrough pain, but strategies focused on minimizing or eliminating opioids are lacking. In the non-obstetric surgical population, modalities such as intravenous ketamine are well-recognized as effective adjuncts in opioid-reduction strategies for postoperative pain. Although there have been some studies of ketamine exposure in postpartum women without deleterious outcomes noted, these studies in pregnant and lactating women are limited by a lack of information on maternal pharmacokinetics, breastmilk secretion, and clinical effectiveness when used with standard multimodal analgesic approaches. There is also a lack of information on intermediate and long-term outcomes in this setting. This two-part trial will address these knowledge gap by advancing understanding of the safety and efficacy of ketamine and its metabolites in perinatal populations.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT04037085

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UPMC Magee Womens Hospital

Pittsburgh, PA United States
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Recruitment Status: Open

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