Kidney Check: Diabetes, Blood Pressure & Kidney Health Checks & Care in Indigenous Communities.

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 29, 2024
  • participants needed
    2500
  • sponsor
    University of Manitoba
Updated on 4 October 2022
diabetes
hypertension
chronic disease
renal failure
nephropathy
raised blood pressure
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Faced with limited access to preventative health care services, Indigenous people living in rural and remote communities are at a higher risk of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and kidney failure, when compared to the general population. The goal of this project is to perform point-of-care testing for CKD and its risk factors, including diabetes and high blood pressure, for individuals residing in rural and remote Indigenous communities across the Canadian provinces of Manitoba, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Ontario. In addition to providing individuals with information about their risk of developing CKD, as well as providing tailored treatment plans, this study will help provide evidence to develop a permanent CKD surveillance system in all Indigenous communities across Canada, consequently decreasing the burden of CKD and kidney failure in these communities.

Description

Compared to the general population, Indigenous people disproportionately suffer from higher rates of diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and chronic kidney disease (CKD), when compared to their non-Indigenous counterparts. However, rates of these morbidities are greatest for Indigenous individuals living in rural and remote areas, where social inequalities such as poverty and poor access to services - in particular reduced access to primary care and nephrology specialists - are the most the salient.

If caught and treated early in its course, kidney failure is often preventable, especially for those at the highest risk of progression. However, CKD is often unrecognizable and asymptomatic until it is in its later stages, when the chances of preventing kidney failure are limited. Therefore, in order to administer targeted therapeutic interventions, early identification and stratification of those at highest risk of CKD are urgently needed. Screening programs using state of the art point-of-care testing equipment with blood and urine samples can test for CKD both quickly and accurately. While general population-based screening have not been found to be beneficial, targeted screening directed toward high-risk patients with diabetes and high blood pressure, or high-risk populations known to progress rapidly or have limited access to primary health care, are cost-effective. In particular, research has shown that the cost utility of one-off, point-of-care screening and treatment for CKD in rural and remote Indigenous communities is highly cost-effective when compared to usual care provided in these geographic areas.

The goal of this project is to develop a platform that will enable the early diagnosis of Indigenous adults and children with CKD living in Indigenous communities across Canada, and lead to treatment and follow up care targeted to each individual's risk of kidney failure. By developing mobile mass screening and prevention initiatives in adults and children for the prevention of CKD and kidney failure, appropriate treatment and follow-up will continue, and rates of CKD progression will decline, with fewer patients reaching kidney failure requiring dialysis. In addition, this project will further demonstrate the benefits of front line surveillance, risk prediction and treatment, and lead to novel insights regarding prognosis, and the factors driving kidney disease in Indigenous communities, ultimately serving as the gold-standard model for delivery of kidney care across Canada.

Details
Condition Chronic Kidney Disease, Diabetes, Hypertension
Treatment Point-of-care screening
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03595267
SponsorUniversity of Manitoba
Last Modified on4 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

All individuals aged 10 years old - 80 years old will be recruited for screening, regardless of known CKD risk factors, such as diabetes, elevated blood pressure, or family history of kidney disease

Exclusion Criteria

None
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