Clinical Decision Support for Opioid Use Disorders in Medical Settings (COMPUTE 2.0)

  • End date
    Jul 31, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    HealthPartners Institute
Updated on 8 April 2022


Through CTN-0076-Ot (Clinical Decision Support for Opioid Use Disorders in Medical Settings: Pilot Usability Testing in an EMR (COMPUTE)), our team has iteratively developed and piloted a web-based and electronic health record (EHR)-integrated Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) Clinical Decision Support (CDS) system to offer expert guidance to primary care providers (PCPs) on the diagnosis and management of OUD. The OUD-CDS has been implemented within the EPIC EHR of one large care system and was piloted with 55 providers to ensure content validity and provider satisfaction. The team will now implement this OUD-CDS in a large multi-site clinic-randomized controlled trial to evaluate its impact on practice process measures and patient outcomes. The investigators also aim to prepare for scalability (i.e., integration into usual primary care practice after the study is complete) and dissemination by evaluating facilitators and barriers to implementation, determining the costs of implementation and maintenance, and assessing the short-term cost impacts of the OUD-CDS.

The study will include three large diverse care systems and randomize a minimum of 30 clinics to receive the OUD-CDS intervention or usual care (UC). In intervention clinics, the OUD-CDS will identify patients who are at high risk for OUD or diagnosed with OUD; use data stored in the EHR for each eligible patient to assemble treatment recommendations tailored to each patient's current needs; display these recommendations to PCPs via the OUD-CDS user interface; and store analytic data from all targeted visits. In UC clinics, the OUD-CDS will run invisibly in the background to identify high-risk or OUD patients, assemble treatment recommendations tailored to each eligible patient's needs, and store analytic data from all targeted visits.


The proposed study will include 3 large diverse healthcare systems and randomize a minimum of 30 clinics equally within each system to receive the OUD-CDS intervention or UC. In intervention and UC clinics, the OUD-CDS will identify study-eligible patients, those who are at high risk for OUD or diagnosed with OUD; and will use data stored in the EHR to assemble treatment recommendations tailored to the needs of each study-eligible patient. In intervention clinics, these treatment recommendations will be displayed via the OUD-CDS user interface. Finally, data from all targeted visits in all randomized clinics will be stored in a data repository for analysis and reporting needs. The targeted visits for each study-eligible patient in all randomized clinics will be the index visit, the first visit at which the OUD-CDS identifies that the patient is study eligible, and all post-index visits through the end of the intervention period, regardless of continued eligibility. This pragmatic cluster-randomized design is the optimal design to effectively and efficiently implement this tool in primary care clinics while protecting against study contamination and allowing for collection of process and outcome data at UC clinics.

Mixed Methods Approach: Virtually every evidence-based intervention in medicine has turned out to be difficult to implement and maintain in real life practice and to fall far short of fidelity to the process used in randomized trials. As a result, a whole new field of dissemination and implementation research has been developing over the last 20 years. These studies have now gone well beyond the previous paradigm of focusing on changing the attitudes and behaviors of individual physicians to a growing awareness that the need instead is to alter the environment in which physicians work so that it is easier to do the desired evidence-based thing than to stick with old established habit patterns. That means focusing change efforts on organizational factors and practice systems. The Solberg conceptual framework has proven to be particularly helpful in clarifying this new approach.

Simultaneously, there has been increasing interest in transitioning effectiveness clinical trials from traditionally highly selective and controlled circumstances to pragmatic trials that make use of normal care delivery processes and patients.[35] The measurement of such trials has been facilitated by the development of a conceptual framework called RE-AIM, an acronym for 5 key facets of such studies - Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance. Recently, the developers of RE-AIM have recognized the need for more flexible use of this framework, greater use of qualitative methods to understand why interventions are not used consistently, and making adaptations in the implementation approach based on such understandings. The investigators propose to use the RE-AIM framework to guide (1) a monitoring system for intervention problems, (2) a mixed methods evaluation of the reasons for those problems, and (3) modification of the intervention to reduce those problems. These steps will be reiterated in a cyclic fashion, resulting in a more sophisticated approach to the long-standing quality improvement emphasis on Plan-Do-Study-Act rapid cycle tests of change. Furthermore, the team will take advantage of the staggered implementation of the study through three different care systems to ensure that the solutions for intervention problems in Site 1 are not assumed to be the same as the approach in subsequent sites without further RE-AIM monitoring and evaluation.

Condition Opioid-use Disorder
Treatment Opioid Wizard
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04198428
SponsorHealthPartners Institute
Last Modified on8 April 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

be aged 18-75 years, inclusive, at the time of an index visit
have been diagnosed with OUD, currently prescribed MOUD, or identified by study algorithms as being at high risk of OUD
Be a patient at a study randomized clinic

Exclusion Criteria

those receiving active parenteral chemotherapy within the last year
those with stage 4 or equivalent cancer diagnosis
those enrolled in hospice care or palliative care programs
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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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