Last updated on March 2020

Investigation of Analgesic Effect of Erector Spinae Block in Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Surgery

Brief description of study

Postoperative analgesia management in inguinal hernia surgery is difficult because of the content of the surgical procedure. A multimodal approach to postoperative analgesia has recently been proposed. For this reason, various methods are used.Regional blocks, pharmacological treatments are among these methods. Among the regional blocks, ilioinguinal and hypogastric blocks are used more safely and with increasing frequency, especially with the introduction of ultrasonography in the clinic.Forero et al. firstly, erector spinae block which was used for the first time in the treatment of thoracic neuropathic pain has been widely used especially in laparoscopic abdominal surgery and it has taken its place in the literature. It is performed at T4-5 level in breast and thoracic surgery and T7 level in abdominal surgery. In this block, local anesthesia between the erector spina muscle and the transverse protrusion of the vertebra was used to create analgesia in the anterior abdominal wall.

In this study, we planned to investigate degree of postoperative pain, sensory block levels, analgesic consumption, propofol-remifentanyle consumption and side effects of patients undergoing inguinal hernia surgery under general anesthesia with erector spinae block.

Detailed Study Description

Patients in the ASA 1-3 group who underwent laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery, underwent erector spina block and operated under general anesthesia, will be included in the study. Approximately 50 patients will participate in the study, the number of patients will be finalized by power analysis.

The routine algorithm for patients undergoing elective laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery is a multimodal approach including induction of general anesthesia for postoperative analgesia followed by peripheral nerve block. Before the block, all patients were monitored by standard monitoring and intravenous vascular access was opened. When applying the erector spinae block, the patient is placed in the prone position. After the C7 spinous protrusion is prepared as sterile as T10, the erector spina muscle is seen at the T7 level on the same side as the hernia with the convex probe and block is applied with 0.25% bupivacaine (15 cc) and 2% lidocaine (5 cc). In the control group, there were no intervention. Sensory block was evaluated by cold stimulus (0 = no cold sensation, 1 = cold sensation severely reduced, 2 = cold sensation slightly decreased, 3 = normal cold sensation). In anesthesia induction, propofol 2-3 mg / kg, fentanyl 1mcq / kg, lidocaine 1mg / kg and rocuronium 0.6 mg / kg are routinely administered to all patients. Patients were treated with inhalation of oxygen and air mixture during surgery, and anesthesia was maintained using remifentanil 0.1~0.5 g/kg/h and propofol 4-6 mg/kg/h via total intravenous micro pump until the surgery was completed. Postoperative analgesic needs of the patients will be recorded from the information in the current patient controlled analgesia device. All patients' postoperative pain numerical rating scale (NRS-numeric rating scale; 0 = absence of pain, 10 = unbearable pain) will be recorded.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT04131985

Recruitment Status: Closed

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