Ovarian Cancer Treatment With a Liposome Formulated mRNA Vaccine in Combination With (Neo-)Adjuvant Chemotherapy

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 23, 2023
  • participants needed
    10
  • sponsor
    University Medical Center Groningen
Updated on 23 May 2021
paclitaxel
ascites
carboplatin
cancer chemotherapy
immunostimulant
carboplatin/paclitaxel
tumor debulking
cancer of the ovary
interval debulking surgery

Summary

This is a first-in-human, open label phase I study in ovarian cancer patients with primary disease eligible for standard-of-care treatment with neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, i.e. 3 cycles carboplatin/paclitaxel, interval surgery and 3 additional cycles carboplatin/paclitaxel. Eight doses of the W_ova1 vaccine will be administered prior and in combination with the (neo-)adjuvant chemotherapy to induce an anti-tumor immune response. Systemic immune responses are determined using peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected before, during and after vaccinations. Intratumoral accumulation of T-cells recognizing vaccine-encoded TAAs will be determined before vaccination in a tumor biopsy and after the 3 cycles of chemotherapy and the 5th vaccination using tumor tissue derived from interval surgery. [18F]FB-IL2 PET-CT will be used for the non-invasive assessment of T-cell activation and correlated to immunohistochemistry tumor tissue data from pre-treatment biopsy and interval debulking surgery

Description

This is a first-in-human, open label phase I intra-patient dose escalation study (vaccination 1 and 2) in OC patients with primary disease eligible for SoC treatment with neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, i.e. 3 cycles carboplatin/paclitaxel, interval surgery and 3 additional cycles carboplatin/paclitaxel.

OC patients will be vaccinated prior and during (neo)-adjuvant chemotherapy with the W_ova1 vaccine, which includes 3 OC TAA RNAs. Vaccines will be administered by means of intravenous injection. A total of eight vaccinations will be administered with intra-patient dose escalation planned for the first two doses, i.e. the first vaccine will contain 50 g total RNA and the subsequent seven vaccines will contain the target dose of 100 g total RNA. Dose reductions/modifications to 50, 25 and 14.4 g are allowed per protocol.

The first two vaccinations will be administered before the start of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy with 7 day time lag (+/- 2 days) between each vaccination. The subsequent 6 vaccinations are scheduled 15 days (+/- 3 days) after the start of each cycle of chemotherapy to avoid overlap with immune-suppressive corticosteroid premedication as well as with the direct effects of the chemotherapy. Patient evaluation will be performed before, during and after vaccination, including history, physical examination, ECOG performance status and toxicity scoring using NCI CTCAE 5.0 toxicity grades. Blood sample collection for bio monitoring by means of a vena puncture will occur before each vaccination. During the two-step dose escalation blood samples will also be collected 6 hours and 24 hours after vaccination. Blood samples will be analyzed for biochemistry, hematology and tumor marker CA-125.

To determine the systemic immune response (primary objective), PBMCs are obtained by venous blood collection at baseline (100 mL) and twice during study related treatment period (60 mL). In addition, three leukaphereses (or 100 mL blood draw alternatively) and four blood draws for ctDNA analysis are scheduled during the trial for each patient.

To determine the intratumoral immune response (secondary objective), tumor material will be collected before vaccination by an image-guided biopsy and during surgery (standard treatment).

The first [18F]FB-IL2 PET-CT (exploratory objective) will occur at baseline and the second [18F]FB-IL2 PET-CT as close to the surgery as possible. These study procedures are optional and patients can still participate in the trial without the [18F]FB-IL2 PET-CT.

In case of premature drop-out, patients will be asked to undergo the leukapheresis (or 100 mL blood draw alternatively) and if possible / feasible, additional tumor material sampling at time of the planned interval surgery.

Details
Condition cancer, ovarian, Recurrent Ovarian Cancer, ovarian carcinomas, cancer of the ovary, Ovarian disorder, Ovarian Cancer, ovarian tumors, Ovarian Function, cancer ovarian
Treatment W_ova1 Vaccine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04163094
SponsorUniversity Medical Center Groningen
Last Modified on23 May 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Primary epithelial OC patients with measurable tumor lesions (determined by CT or MRI), who are intended to be treated with neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (carboplatin/paclitaxel), subsequent surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy
Age 18 years
Signed informed consent in accordance with institutional and regulatory guidelines
Adequate access of the tumor for image-guided biopsy
Adequate (according to the institutional standards) hematology, liver and kidney function to undergo chemotherapy with carboplatin and paclitaxel
ECOG-performance status of 0 or 1 at screening
Current BMI > 18.5 and no weight loss of >5% over the past month. Notably, weight loss due to drainage of ascites is not applicable

Exclusion Criteria

History of a second malignancy except for curatively treated low-stage tumors with a histology that can be differentiated from the epithelial OC type
History of an autoimmune disease, specifically HAV, HBV, HCV and HIV, or any other systemic intercurrent disease or condition that might affect the immunocompetence of the patient, or treatment with systemic highly immunosuppressive therapy (e.g. transplant recipients or patients who underwent a splenectomy)
Use of systemic continuous corticosteroid therapy (e.g. prednisone i.v. or p.o. >7.5 mg / day)
Pregnancy or breast feeding
Participation in a trial with another investigational drug within 30 days prior to the enrolment in this trial
Any condition that in the opinion of the investigator could interfere with the conduct of the trial
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