Patient-centered and Clinical Outcomes After Minimally Invasive Cardiothoracic Surgery

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    250
  • sponsor
    Jessa Hospital
Updated on 13 April 2021
bypass graft
heart surgery
coronary disease

Summary

Nowadays, minimally invasive cardiothoracic surgery techniques are being performed to treat patients with coronary heart diseases. These newly developed procedures include laparoscopic techniques that do not require median sternotomy, which has several beneficial effects for both patient and the hospital. Although retrospective data show promising results with respect to clinical outcomes (e.g. 30-day mortality rate, intensive care unit length of stay), no prospective data with respect to patient centered outcomes (e.g. quality of recovery, quality of life) are available yet. Therefore, the aim of this observational prospective study is to explore several patient centered and clinical outcomes of patients that are treated with these newly developed minimally invasive cardiac procedures. The comparative group consists of patients undergoing open CABG (invasive) and patients undergoing a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI).

Description

Introduction

Coronary artery disease is a leading cause of adult mortality worldwide. One of the most commonly performed surgical interventions to treat this vascular disease is a myocardial revascularization, mostly performed via a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) (1). Over time, new developments in cardiac surgery have led to the introduction of less invasive and minimally invasive cardiac procedures (2). These minimally invasive cardiac procedures are proven to be safe and feasible (3) and have excellent outcomes (4) (5) (6). More specifically, the short term outcomes include a reduced patient recovery time (5), lower transfusion rates, wound infections, hospitalization time and hospital mortality rate (4), while the long term outcomes comprise a better vessel graft patency (7) (8). Over the past few years, new minimally invasive cardiothoracic surgery techniques have been developed and are currently being implemented at the department of cardiothoracic surgery from the Jessa Hospital (e.g. endo-CABG, VATS Mitral, hybrid revascularization, Yil AVR). These newly developed procedures include laparoscopic techniques that do not require median sternotomy, which has several beneficial effects for both patient and the hospital. Also, these techniques allow a coronary revascularization or mitral valve repair or replacement without the use of expensive robotic equipment and exclusion of specific patients based on comorbidities (e.g. elderly patients, diabetic and/or obese patients). Currently, patients undergo cardiothoracic surgery via these techniques and although retrospective data from our hospital show promising results with respect to clinical outcomes (e.g. 30-day mortality rate, intensive care unit length of stay), no prospective data with respect to patient centered outcomes (e.g. quality of recovery, quality of life) are available yet. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore several patient centered and clinical outcomes of patients that are treated with these newly developed minimally invasive cardiac procedures.The comparative group consists of patients undergoing open CABG (invasive) and patients undergoing a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI).

Outcome measures:

The goal of this study is to assess several patient central outcomes (e.g. quality of recovery measured with quality of life) and clinical outcomes (e.g. mortality rate, serious complications, major cardiac events, time registration in icu and hospital, duration of surgery, occlusion and perfusion time, surgical parameters, revalidation of the patients) after minimally invasive cardiothoracic surgery.

Design

This study is a single-center prospective observational cohort study in which eligible patients that are treated via minimally invasive cardiac surgery will be included. Inclusion will last for 1 year and patients will be followed-up for 12 months.

Study Procedures:

After signing the informed consent form, the baseline tests will be performed the day before the surgery. On the day of the surgery, several surgical parameters will be measured as well as several parameters that are included in the standard clinical practice. 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months and 1 year after the surgery, the QoL will be measured. Patient satisfaction will be assessed 3 months after surgery.

Statistical analysis:

Descriptive statistics will be presented as frequencies and percentages of the total amount of patients for categorical variables, while numerical variables will be presented as mean with variances. Results of the different questionnaires will be calculated according to their specific guidelines. The clinical significance of the questionnaires will be calculated via an effect size. A p-value <0.05 is considered statistical significant, while p<0.10 is considered a tendency.

Details
Condition Surgery, Heart disease, Surgical aspects, Surgery, Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiac Disease, cardiac diseases, heart diseases, cardiac disorders, cardiac disorder, heart disorder, surgical procedures, surgical treatment, surgeries, surgical procedure
Treatment Minimally invasive cardiac surgery
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03902717
SponsorJessa Hospital
Last Modified on13 April 2021

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