Vaginal Cuff Brachytherapy Fractionation Study

  • End date
    Jan 1, 2026
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Kara Romano, MD
Updated on 27 July 2022
measurable disease


The purpose of this study is to see the effects of two different standard of care treatments of endometrial cancer on sexual dysfunction. This study will compare two standard of care treatments: HDR (high dose radiation) vaginal brachytherapy 3 fractions of 7 Gy to HDR vaginal brachytherapy 6 fractions of 4Gy for early stage endometrial cancer.


Patients are randomized to HDR vaginal brachytherapy 7 Gy in 3 fractions prescribed at 5mm. Radiation delivered 4-12 weeks after surgery OR HDR vaginal brachytherapy 4Gy in 6 fractions prescribed at the cylinder surface. Patients have the option to request to decline their randomization and switch to the alternate treatment ARM if they prefer.

Radiation delivered 4-12 weeks after surgery. Participants in all Arms will receive standard vaginal dilator for use after treatment (to promote healing). 3 month, 1 year and 2 year follow up assessments are performed.

Condition Endometrial Cancer
Treatment HDR vaginal brachytherapy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03785288
SponsorKara Romano, MD
Last Modified on27 July 2022


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Inclusion Criteria

Willingness and ability to provide written informed consent and to comply with the study protocol as judged by the investigator
Surgery consisted of Total Abdominal or Laparoscopic Hysterectomy and Bilateral Salpingo Oophorectomy (TH-BSO) with or without lymph node dissection
Subject must have FIGO Stage I-II (grade 1-3) pathologically proven (histologic) endometrioid cancer, including all subtypes. Serous, clear cell, and carcinosarcoma histologic pathologies are allowed
Subjects must have no measurable disease after surgery
ECOG Performance Status of 0-2
Age ≥ 18 years
Subject must have a life expectancy ≥ 12 months

Exclusion Criteria

Disease of more advanced stage (FIGO stage III-IV) or disease for which adjuvant external beam radiation therapy or chemotherapy is indicated
Patients with a history of prior pelvic radiation therapy or if additional pelvic radiation therapy is planned
Subjects who have not recovered from side effects of agents administered more than 4 weeks prior to the on-study date
Subjects that require > 14 weeks between surgery and initiation of radiation therapy on study unless the subject is receiving chemotherapy. Subjects receiving chemotherapy may have radiation therapy initiated within 6 months after surgery
Subjects who do not meet this criteria may still be eligible. The UVA Coordinating Center and Overall Study PI will review each case and inform the site of the approval decision
Subjects who are receiving any investigational agents or have had any investigational
agent within the 30 days prior to the on-study date
Subject is unable or unwilling to participate in a study-related procedure
Pregnant and breastfeeding women are excluded from this study
Subject is a prisoner
A serious uncontrolled medical disorder that in the opinion of the Investigator would impair the ability of the subject to receive protocol therapy
Subjects with a history of evidence upon physical examination of central nervous system disease including primary brain tumor, seizures not controlled with standard medical therapy, any brain metastases, or history of cerebrovascular accident (stroke), transient ischemic attack, or subarachnoid hemorrhage within six months of study entry
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