Targeted Intervention for Insufficient Sleep Among Typically-Developing Adolescents (TAPAS)

  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Pittsburgh
Updated on 27 September 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers


The overall aim of Dr. Levenson's research proposal is to test the acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary outcomes of a sleep promotion program delivered to 13-15 year olds who report insufficient sleep. Dr. Levenson will examine the feasibility and acceptability of the program through a randomized pilot trial (n=40) that uses a two-period, wait-list control design. Then, Dr. Levenson will test whether the program is associated with changes in sleep, motivation, and four outcome domains: academic functioning, attention, risk behavior, and affect. Such a broadly relevant program has the potential for enormous public health impact by improving sleep and facilitating healthy development across a range of domains among typically-developing adolescents who are highly vulnerable to adverse consequences.


General Description:

This study has two sub-studies: one for youth who experience behaviorally insufficient sleep syndrome (BISS) and one for youth who obtain sufficient sleep. This includes a randomized controlled trial for youth who obtain insufficient sleep (BISS), and a universal education (UE) only intervention for youth who obtain sufficient sleep.

All participants will complete a pre-consent screen. Those with sufficient sleep will complete consent/assent and a full screening assessment, and they will watch a sleep education video (UE). If eligible for the sufficient sleeper study, the full screening assessment will serve as a baseline assessment as well. Participants will complete a follow-up assessment about one month later.

Those who pre-screen as insufficient sleepers will complete consent/assent, complete a full screening process, and watch a sleep education video (UE). Those who remain eligible after the full screening process will complete a baseline assessment. Then, youth will be randomized to the TAPAS intervention or to a wait-list control (monitoring only). After completing the post-period 1 follow-up assessment, those in the wait-list control group will switch to the other arm, via a cross-over design. Participants in the intervention-first group will continue to receive the intervention iin Period 2 after post-period 1. After this period, participants will complete the post-period 2 follow-up assessment.

Detailed Description:

Participants. Youth ages 13-15 will be recruited through various methods (e.g., social media advertising, University research registry, flyers, email listservs and online magazines, and from the waiting room of the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh Center for Adolescent and Young Adult Health (CAYAH)). Among those screened, the investigators will deliver universal education about sleep and conduct baseline and follow-up assessments among n=35 sufficient sleepers. Investigators will randomize n=50 with insufficient sleep to the TAPAS intervention or wait-list control (monitoring only). Overall, investigators plan to collect complete data on n=40 participants, after attrition.

Baseline assessments will include: measures of sleep (sleep diary and actigraphy), academic functioning, attention, affect, motivation, and risk behavior.

TAPAS Intervention. Program goals are to increase knowledge about healthy sleep practices, to increase sleep duration by going to bed earlier (sleep extension), and to increase regularity in sleep timing over the week by limiting oversleeping on the weekends. During the 45-60 minute intervention session, the youth and clinician will discuss the youth's sleep timing and quality and explore the youth's attitudes and social influences on sleep. The clinician will develop discrepancies between current sleep behavior and the youth's values and goals.

It is proposed that the 4-8-week text messaging/web-based portion of the intervention will begin immediately after the clinician session. Participants will receive twice-weekly summaries of their sleep based on diary entries. Participants will then be asked via the web if they'd like to modify their sleep, providing them with autonomy in their answer. Investigators will rely on strategies for extending and regularizing sleep.

Wait-List Control (monitoring only) Condition. The wait-list is proposed to last half the duration as the targeted intervention (4 vs 8 weeks). Participants will monitor sleep with the sleep diary, but they will not receive feedback or any other information on their sleep.

Participants will repeat the baseline assessments and 7 days of actigraphy at the end of Period 1 and at the end of Period 2 (only those randomized to Wait-List Control will cross-over to TAPAS intervention for Period 2).

Follow-up assessments will include: measures of sleep (sleep diary and actigraphy), academic functioning, attention, affect, motivation, and risk behavior.

Condition Sleep Disturbance
Treatment Targeted Approaches for Promoting Adolescent Sleep (TAPAS), Sleep Monitoring Only
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04163003
SponsorUniversity of Pittsburgh
Last Modified on27 September 2022

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