Last updated on December 2019

Efficacy of ACE Inhibitors MRAs and ACE Inhibitor/ MRA Combination

Brief description of study

The aim of our work is to compare the antiproteinuric efficacy of ACEI monotherapy, Selective MRA monotherapy and their combination in mildly hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria

Detailed Study Description

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common cause renal failure in Western countries, responsible for 45% of patients on renal replacement therapy.Diabetic nephropathy was characterized in the early stage by increased albumin excretion in urine, known as microalbuminuria. (DN) results from interactions between different pathological factors that include hyperglycemia, increased activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS), uncontrolled high systemic and glomerular pressure . (DN) optimal therapy continues to evolve. The main lines of treatment include strict glycemic and blood pressure (BP) control. The angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have been known to reduce proteinuria both in normotensive and hypertensive patients with diabetic nephropathy and in hypertensive individuals with end stage renal failure . The mechanism by which ACE inhibitors exert their effect on proteinuria reduction is still unknown. The control of high systemic arterial pressure can be beneficial by reducing the filtration pressure. However, no association has been found between antihypertensive effect and proteinuria reduction in several studies. Microalbuminuria which is an early sign of nephropathy can be decreased also by use of Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus . Insufficient blockade of aldosterone may lead to inadequate anti-albuminuric effects. Studies show that renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibition with ACEI/ARB alone sometimes does not achieve optimal renoprotective effects and does not reduce progression of renal disease, despite therapy. Addition of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor blocker therapy was found to reduce proteinuria in patients diabetic nephropathy and can delay progression of renal dysfunction.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT04143412

Recruitment Status: Closed

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