Epacadostat (INCB024360) Added to Preoperative Chemoradiation in Patients With Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

  • End date
    Jun 30, 2027
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Washington University School of Medicine
Updated on 4 October 2022


The purpose of this research study is to evaluate epacadostat when given with routine radiation therapy and chemotherapy (capecitabine and oxaliplatin) to treat rectal cancer before routine surgery is performed to remove the tumor.

Condition Rectal Cancer
Treatment tumor biopsy, Peripheral blood draw, Epacadostat
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03516708
SponsorWashington University School of Medicine
Last Modified on4 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Newly diagnosed locally advanced rectal cancer with pathology confirmation with plans to proceed with neoadjuvant short course radiation and chemotherapy as confirmed by treating physician
At least 18 years of age
ECOG performance status ≤ 1
Normal bone marrow and organ function as defined below
Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mcl
Platelets ≥ 100,000/mcl
Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL
Total bilirubin ≤ IULN
Serum creatinine < 1.5 x IULN OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min/1.73 m2
INR or PT ≤ 1.5 x IULN unless patient is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as INR or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
aPTT ≤ 1.5 x IULN unless patient is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as INR or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
Applicable to subjects enrolled at Washington University only: Willing to undergo
Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to contraceptive methods as described in protocol prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 120 days after the last dose of study treatment. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she must inform her treating physician immediately
study-related biopsies subject to accessibility of tumor, appropriateness of
Able to understand and willing to sign an IRB approved written informed consent document (or that of legally authorized representative, if applicable)
biopsy (not contraindicated), and continued subject consent

Exclusion Criteria

Received prior anti-cancer therapy for rectal cancer
Prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways) or other agents targeting IDO pathway (including indoximod)
Previous radiotherapy in the pelvic region or previous rectal surgery (e.g. TEM) or any investigational treatment for rectal cancer within the past month
A history of prior malignancy active within the previous 3 years except for locally curable cancers that have been apparently cured, including, but not limited to, basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the prostate, cervix, or breast
Currently receiving any other investigational agents
Extensive growth into cranial part of the sacrum (above S3) or the lumbosacral nerve roots indicating that surgery will never be possible even if substantial tumor downsizing is seen
Presence of metastatic disease or recurrent rectal tumor
Diagnosis of Familial Adenomatosis Polyposis coli (FAP), Hereditary Non-Polyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC), active Crohn's disease, or active ulcerative colitis
A history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to epacadostat, pembrolizumab, 5-FU, oxaliplatin, or other agents used in the study
Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
Warfarin (Coumadin): patients currently on warfarin are excluded. Patients who go off warfarin and have INR within normal limits have no washout period
Any history of serotonin syndrome (SS) after receiving serotonergic drugs. This syndrome has been most closely associated with the use of MAOIs, meriperidine, linezolid, or methylene blue; all of these agents are prohibited during the study
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or cardiac arrhythmia
Has an active or inactive autoimmune disease or syndrome (i.e. rheumatoid arthritis, moderate or severe psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease) that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years or is receiving systemic therapy for an autoimmune or inflammatory disease (i.e. with use of modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs). Exceptions include subjects with vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy, hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement, controlled asthma, Type I diabetes, Graves' disease, or Hashimoto's disease
An abnormal screening ECG that, in the investigator's opinion, is clinically meaningful
Presence of a gastrointestinal condition that may affect drug absorption
Pregnant and/or breastfeeding. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 72 hours of cycle 1 day 1
Evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis including symptomatic and/or pneumonitis requiring treatment
Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 30 days before the first dose of study treatment. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g. FluMist) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed
Known presence of active TB
Known active hepatitis B (e.g. HBsAg reactive or HBV DNA detected) or hepatitis C (e.g. HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected) infection. Testing at screening is required (Serology testing with HBsAg, HBsAb, and HCV Ab are required; HBV DNA or HCV RNA are only required in the setting of serology tests compatible with possible active infection.)
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