Last updated on August 2019

Relative Desirability of Metformin vs. Birth Control Pill in Treating PCOS in Women of Later Reproductive Age

Brief description of study

The goal of this study is to determine the relative desirability of metformin vs. oral combined hormonal contraceptives (OCs) in treating Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) in women of later reproductive age. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Questionnaire (PCOSQ) score will be used as a proxy for patient satisfaction. In light of their respective effects on the classic and metabolic facets of PCOS, metformin will provide non-inferior patient satisfaction compared to OCs in later reproductive age women with PCOS.

Detailed Study Description

This is a randomized, controlled, double-blinded, crossover study. The investigators will recruit women with PCOS in ages 40-47 yo. Subjects will be randomized to either receive metformin (2000 mg daily) or low dose oral contraceptives (OCs: 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol/norethindrone acetate 1mg) for a total of 6 months, and they will crossover to the other treatment for the following 6 months. Subjects will have the following assessed at baseline and 6 months after each study medication: blood pressure, weight, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), average intermenstrual cycle length (in the previous 3 months), Ferriman-Gallwey score (as a measure of hirsutism), total testosterone (T), sex hormone binding globulin, calculated free T, fasting insulin, fasting glucose, 2-h glucose (during oral glucose tolerance test), Matsuda index, HgA1c, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, estimated cardiovascular risk (Framingham risk score), health-related quality of life using both PCOS questionnaire (PCOSQ) and the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and severity of anxiety using Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) questionnaire. For safety surveillance, the investigators will measure electrolyte levels, renal function, liver function, and pregnancy tests immediately before study mediation initiation and every 3 months. For statistical analysis, per PCOSQ domain, the post-treatment QoL scores will be analyzed via a linear mixed model (LMM), in which the LMM will be specified in accordance with a 2 treatment by 2 period crossover design. The investigators determined that if 73 subjects complete the study, the investigators expect to have at least an 80% chance of rejecting the null hypothesis that QoL is inferior with metformin therapy vs. OCs.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03905941

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University of Virginia

Charlottesville, VA United States
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