Avelumab With Binimetinib, Sacituzumab Govitecan, or Liposomal Doxorubicin in Treating Patients With Stage IV or Unresectable, Recurrent Triple Negative Breast Cancer (InCITe)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 30, 2023
  • participants needed
    150
  • sponsor
    Hope Rugo, MD
Updated on 17 June 2022
ct scan
cancer
hysterectomy
monoclonal antibodies
estrogen
measurable disease
carcinoma
breast cancer
lipase
growth factor
oophorectomy
international normalized ratio
progesterone
metastasis
neutrophil count
avelumab
liver metastasis
tumor cells
epidermal growth factor receptor
monoclonal antibody therapy
human epidermal growth factor
solid tumors
solid tumour
triple negative breast cancer
progesterone receptor
erbb2
epidermal growth factor
estrogen receptor
invasive breast cancer
binimetinib
serum total bilirubin

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well the combination of avelumab with liposomal doxorubicin with or without binimetinib, or the combination of avelumab with sacituzumab govitecan works in treating patients with triple negative breast cancer that is stage IV or is not able to be removed by surgery (unresectable) and has come back (recurrent). Immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors like avelumab require activation of the patient's immune system.

This trial includes a two week induction or lead-in of medications that can stimulate the immune system. It is our hope that this induction will improve the response to immunotherapy with avelumab. One treatment, sacituzumab Govitecan, is a monoclonal antibody called sacituzumab linked to a chemotherapy drug called SN-38. Sacituzumab govitecan is a form of targeted therapy because it attaches to specific molecules (receptors) on the surface of tumor cells, known as Tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 2 (TROP2) receptors, and delivers SN-38 to kill them. Another treatment, liposomal doxorubicin, is a form of the anticancer drug doxorubicin that is contained in very tiny, fat-like particles. It may have fewer side effects and work better than doxorubicin, and may enhance factors associated with immune response. The third medication is called binimetinib, which may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth, and may help activate the immune system. It is not yet known whether giving avelumab in combination with liposomal doxorubicin with or without binimetinib, or the combination of avelumab with sacituzumab govitecan will work better in treating patients with triple negative breast cancer.

Description

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 active arms. The three previous study arms are closed to further accrual.

ARM A: Patients receive binimetinib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) for a lead-in period of 15 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive binimetinib PO BID on days 1-28, avelumab intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15, and liposomal doxorubicin IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM B: Patients receive sacituzumab govitecan IV on days -15 and -8 for a lead-in period in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive sacituzumab govitecan day 8 and day 15 of Cycle (C) 1; day 1, 8, and 21 of C2; day 1, 15 and 21 of C3; day 8 and 15 of C4, and the schedule continues with two weeks on, one week off for 21-day cycles which repeat in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Participants also receive avelumab IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM C: Patients receive liposomal doxorubicin IV over 60 minutes on day -15 for a lead-in period of 15 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive liposomal doxorubicin IV over 60 minutes on day 15 and avelumab IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, then every 6 months for a minimum of 1 year. Participants will be followed every 3 months after experiencing disease progression to assess for survival/anti-cancer therapy status until death or 1 year after Cycle 1 Day 1.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. Anti-tumor effect of avelumab in combination with different therapeutic agents explored in the sub-protocols of the trial.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Additional anti-tumor effects. II. Safety and tolerability of avelumab in combination with different therapeutic agents explored in the sub-protocols of the trial.

III. Patient reported outcomes (PRO) between baseline and cycle 3 day 1 across arms.

IV. Longitudinal trends in PRO outcomes across treatment arms. V. Differences in PRO outcomes for patients who respond compared to those who do not respond.

CORRELATIVE OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the therapeutic predictive role of the following on clinical outcome as well as changes with induction therapy with either liposomal doxorubicin or targeted agents:

  1. PD-L1 expression and immune 'hot-spots'.
  2. Tumor infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL)s, and CD8 and CD4 positivity in TIL.
  3. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A (MHC-I) and HLA-DR (MHC-II), FoxP3, OX40 and OX40L, phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN), and MYC expression.
  4. Number/levels of expressed predicted class I and class II neoantigens, central memory T-cells and T-cells.
  5. Expression of effector/regulatory immune gene, innate PD-1 resistance signature (IPRES), and B cell, T cell, and/or macrophage signatures.
  6. Basal or claudin-low molecular subtypes.
  7. T cell receptor (TCR) clonality in the tumor and peripheral blood.
  8. Genomic mutational burden.
  9. PD-L1 positivity in circulating tumor cells (CTCs).
  10. Soluble B7-H1 (sB7-H1) levels. II. To determine if circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (ctDNA) results will discriminate pseudo-progression from true progression.

III. To determine if certain genomic alterations detected in tumor tissue or ctDNA are potentially associated with resistance to the tested drug combinations.

IV. To correlate the composition of the pretreatment microbiome with response and secondary endpoints in each arm of the trial.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 arms.

ARM A: Patients receive binimetinib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) for a lead-in period of 15 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive binimetinib PO BID on days 1-28, avelumab intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15, and liposomal doxorubicin IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM B: Patients receive sacituzumab govitecan IV on days -15 and -8 as a lead-in period in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive sacituzumab govitecan IV on days 1 and 8 and avelumab IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM C: Patients receive liposomal doxorubicin IV over 60 minutes on day -15. Patients then receive liposomal doxorubicin IV over 60 minutes on day 15 and every 4 weeks thereafter. Patients also receive avelumab IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, then every 6 months for a minimum of 1 year.

Details
Condition Stage III Breast Cancer, Stage IIIA Breast Cancer, Stage IIIB Breast Cancer, Stage IIIC Breast Cancer, Stage IV Breast Cancer, Invasive Breast Carcinoma, Recurrent Breast Carcinoma, Triple-Negative Breast Carcinoma, Unresectable Breast Carcinoma
Treatment Avelumab, Utomilumab, Liposomal Doxorubicin, Binimetinib, Sacituzumab govitecan, Anti-OX40 Antibody PF-04518600
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03971409
SponsorHope Rugo, MD
Last Modified on17 June 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Signed and dated written informed consent
Subjects >= 18 years of age
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1
Clinical stage IV invasive breast cancer or unresectable locoregional recurrence of invasive breast cancer meeting the following criteria
Estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR)-negative (=< 5% cells) by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and human epidermal grow (HER2) negative (by IHC or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH))
Measurable disease as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 criteria and which can be followed by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A measurable lytic bone lesion(s) and/or skin lesion(s) are allowed. Skin lesions must also be followed by photography with measuring tools within the photograph at each tumor evaluation time point. Ultrasound may be used to follow breast lesions not visible by CT following discussion with Study Chair
Amenable to biopsy at the time of study entry
Known tumor/immune cell PD-L1 status by any assay
Adequate organ function including
Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L
Cardiac ejection fraction at or above the institutional lower limit of normal, as assessed by either echocardiogram or multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.0 x 10^9/L (may have received growth factor)
Total serum bilirubin =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (may have been transfused)
Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN or estimated creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min as calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equation
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST/serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT/serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT)) =< 2.5 x ULN (or =< 5 x ULN if liver metastases are present)
Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.5 x ULN
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) within institutional normal limits (enrollment of patients with TSH levels above or below the institutional normal limit in situations where the patient has normal levels of triiodothyronine (T3) and free thyroxine (FT4) may be allowed following discussion with study chair)
Amylase =< 1 x ULN testing is only required in patients with a history of pancreatic disorders (Abnormality not of pancreatic origin is allowed)
Male and female patients of childbearing potential must agree to use at least two
methods of acceptable contraception from 15 days prior to first trial
NOTE: Females of childbearing potential are defined as those who are not surgically sterile or post-menopausal (i.e., patient has not had a bilateral tubal ligation, a bilateral oophorectomy, or a complete hysterectomy; or has not been amenorrhoeic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause). Post-menopausal status in females under 55 years of age should be confirmed with a serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level within laboratory reference range for postmenopausal women
treatment administration until at least 30 days after study participant's
final dose of study drug(s)
Re-enrollment of a subject that has discontinued the study as a pre-randomization screen failure (i.e., a consented patient who was not randomized and did not receive any study treatment) is permitted. If re-enrolled, the subject must be re-consented. Only the screening procedures performed outside of protocol-specified timing must be repeated; if biopsies and correlative blood samples were already obtained, and patient has not received any systemic anti-cancer therapy since they were obtained, they do not need to be repeated
Patients unable to read/write in English are eligible to participate in the overall
study but will not participate in the Patient-Reported Outcome questionnaires
throughout the trial

Exclusion Criteria

More than 1 prior line of checkpoint inhibitor therapy in the metastatic setting
Concurrent anticancer therapy. Required washout from prior therapies are as follows
More than 2 lines of chemotherapy in the metastatic setting
Chemotherapy: >= 14 days
Major surgery: >=14 days (provided wound healing is adequate)
Prior treatment with sacituzumab, govitecan
Radiation: >= 7 days
Investigational/biologic therapy (half-life =< 40 hours): >= 14 days
Investigational/biologic therapy (half-life > 40 hours): >= 28 days
Use of corticosteroids or immunosuppressive medication is exclusionary, except the following in the absence of active autoimmune disease
Subjects are permitted the use of corticosteroids with minimal systemic absorption (e.g. topical, ocular, intra-articular, intranasal, and inhaled)
Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses =< 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent are permitted
Adrenal replacement steroid doses including doses > 10 mg daily prednisone are permitted
A brief (less than 3 weeks) course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (e.g. CT scan premedication against contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of nonautoimmune conditions (e.g. delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by a contact allergen) is permitted
Brain metastases that have been treated locally and are clinically stable for at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment
No ongoing neurological symptoms that are related to the brain localization of the disease (sequelae that are a consequence of the treatment of the brain metastases are acceptable)
Subjects must be either off steroids or on a stable or decreasing dose of =< 10 mg daily prednisone (or equivalent)
All subjects with central nervous system metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis, except those meeting the following criteria
Receipt of any organ transplantation including allogeneic stem-cell transplantation
Significant acute or chronic infections including, among others
Previous malignant disease other than breast cancer within the last 5 years, with the
A history of a positive test for hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (and/or core antibody) and/or confirmatory hepatitis C virus (HCV) ribonucleic acid (RNA) (if anti-HCV antibody tested positive); testing is not required for this protocol
exception of basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, cervical carcinoma
in situ, or low-risk cancers considered curatively treated (i.e. complete
Subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus, vitiligo, psoriasis, hypo- or hyperthyroid disease not requiring immunosuppressive treatment are eligible
Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS); testing is not required for this protocol
remission achieved at least 2 years prior to first dose of study drugs AND
Subjects requiring hormone replacement with corticosteroids are eligible if the steroids are administered only for the purpose of hormonal replacement and at doses =< 10 mg or 10 mg equivalent prednisone per day
additional therapy not required while receiving study treatment)
Administration of steroids through a route known to result in a minimal systemic exposure (topical, intranasal, intro-ocular, or inhalation) is acceptable
Uncontrolled asthma (defined as having 3 or more of the following features of partially controlled asthma within 28 days prior to starting study treatment: Daytime symptoms more than twice per week, any limitation of activities, any nocturnal symptoms/awaking, need for reliever/rescue inhaler more than twice per week, or known lung function [peak expiratory flow (PEF) or forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)] without administration of a bronchodilator that is < 80% predicted or personal best [if known])
Current symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association > class II), unstable cardiac arrhythmia requiring therapy (e.g. medication or pacemaker), unstable angina (e.g. new, worsening or persistent chest discomfort), uncontrolled hypertension (systolic > 160 mmHg or diastolic > 100mmHg), or known cardiac ejection fraction below the lower limit of institutional normal. Or any of the following occurring within 6 months (180 days) prior to first dose of avelumab: Myocardial infarction, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack. (Use of antihypertensive medication to control blood pressure is allowed.)
Patients who have neuromuscular disorders that are associated with elevated creatine kinase (CK)
History of acute or chronic pancreatitis
Active autoimmune disease with reasonable possibility of clinically significant
Known severe (grade >= 3 NCI-CTCAE v5.0) hypersensitivity reactions to monoclonal antibodies, or history of anaphylaxis
History or current evidence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO), or current risk factors for RVO including uncontrolled glaucoma, ocular hypertension, history of hyperviscosity, or hypercoagulability syndromes (patients with a history of pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are allowed on study if they are also on anticoagulation as noted in (16) below) ; history of retinal degenerative disease
deterioration when receiving an immunostimulatory agent
Vaccination within 28 days of the first dose of study drugs and while on trial is prohibited, except for administration of inactivated vaccines (for example, inactivated influenza vaccine)
Requirement of anticoagulant therapy with oral vitamin K antagonists such as Coumadin (warfarin). Low-dose anticoagulants for the maintenance of patency in a central venous access device or the prevention of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism is allowed. Therapeutic use of low molecular weight heparin or factor Xa inhibitors are allowed provided patients are safely able to interrupt it prior to biopsy procedures
Pregnant or breastfeeding females
Persisting toxicity related to prior therapy that has not reduced to grade 1 (National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) version 5.0); however, alopecia and sensory neuropathy grade =< 2 is acceptable
Known current alcohol or drug abuse
Prisoners or subjects who are involuntarily incarcerated
History of interstitial lung disease that is symptomatic or which may interfere with
Known psychiatric condition, social circumstance, or other medical condition reasonably judged by the patient's study physician to unacceptably increase the risk of study participation; or to prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent or anticipated compliance with scheduled visits, treatment schedule, laboratory tests and other study requirements
the detection or management of suspected drug-related pulmonary toxicity
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