Impact of Body Habitus (Arm Span and Abdominal Girth) on Activities of Daily Living (ADL)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 31, 2022
  • participants needed
    256
  • sponsor
    Duke University
Updated on 4 November 2021
spinal fusion surgery
fusion procedure

Summary

This study is being done to assess the impact of arm length and abdominal (belly) width on patient performance of daily self-care activities following multiple level spinal fusions. The study will also assess if the number of levels operated on in the spinal fusion procedure affects your ability to perform Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and how long after surgery do the difficulties/limitations persist.

Description

This is a prospective, single-center study of adult patients undergoing long segment spinal fusions to the pelvis (>5 levels).

Health Related Quality of Life Outcome (HRQOL) consisting of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Visual Analog Scale, EQ-5D, Scoliosis Research Society-22 and 30 (SRS-22 and SRS-30) and the Lumbar Stiffness Disability Index (LSDI) will be collected preoperatively, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 12 and 24 months. All measures will be collected during clinic visits.

Primary and secondary objectives The primary objective is to determine the impact of body habitus on postoperative ADLs in patients undergoing long segment spinal fusions.

The secondary objective will be to determine if the number of levels of fusions impact the ability to perform ADLs and to study how long after surgery do the difficulties/limitations persist.

Study procedures Enrolled subjects meeting eligibility criteria and provide consent will be approached by the study coordinator and explained the purpose of the study, risks and benefits to participation, and queried about their interest in participation. Patients consenting to the study will have the following measurements performed by the clinician with an evaluation prior to surgery, during their 6 week, 3 month, 6 month, 12 and 24 month postoperative visits.

  1. Waist circumference using a measuring tape will be obtained from midway between the last ribs and the iliac crest as suggested by the World Health Organization and the International Diabetes Federation.
  2. The arm span (wingspan) or reach will be measured. To measure the arm span, the patient will be asked to stand against the wall with their arms extended sideways at a ninety-degree angle. Using a measuring tape, the distance from the tip of the middle finger of one hand to the tip of the middle finger in other arm will be measured and recorded.
  3. The distance from the ground to the tip of middle finger will be measured while the patient is asked to touch their toes with knees fully extended.

As mentioned, all study patients will complete Health Related Quality of Life Outcome (HRQOL) consisting Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Visual Analog Scale, EQ-5D, Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) and the Lumbar Stiffness Disability Index (LSDI) at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 month, 12 and 24 months.

Data will be collected in a password-protected file and will be stored in an electronically secure environment, as specified in the research data security plan (RDSP).

Follow-up by the research coordinator as part of this study will not necessarily preclude or replace any follow-up by the treating physician or nursing staff as part of the routine standard of care.

Details
Condition Spinal Fusion, Activities of Daily Living Following Complex Spinal Fusions, spinal fusions
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04037059
SponsorDuke University
Last Modified on4 November 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adults18 to 80 years old
Spinal fusion surgery involving thoracolumbar spine > 5 levels
Ability to stand to obtain arm span, abdominal girth and ability to bend at the waist to obtain measurement

Exclusion Criteria

Patients who are incarcerated, paraplegic or unable to return for follow-up visits
Patients with prior lumbar fusions at the indicated levels for surgery
Spinal fusion surgery involving thoracolumbar < 5 levels
Patients who already have lumbopelvic fixation with iliac screws
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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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