Stress and Brain Response Using MEG in PWS

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    May 17, 2024
  • participants needed
    48
  • sponsor
    The Hospital for Sick Children
Updated on 7 October 2022
hunger
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Individuals with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) have increased hunger and food seeking behaviour, as well as learning (cognitive) challenges. In addition, some patients with PW been shown to have low cortisol production, particularly in stressful situations. However, research examining how hormonal, cognitive, and psychological factors are interrelated PWS is limited. To address this gap in knowledge, the goal of this project is to understand how changes in brain regions involved in controlling food intake and cognitive processes are related to changes in hormones regulating appetite, the stress hormone cortisol, and performance on neuropsychological tests.

Description

Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is characterized by hyperphagia, although the degree of food seeking can vary between individuals. This behaviour may be moderated by hormonal, neurocognitive, and psychological factors; however, data assessing these factors in an integrated fashion is scarce. The proposed research will address and identify relationships between three major challenges in PWS: 1) dysregulated feeding behaviour, 2) cognitive performance, and 3) chronic stress. The investigators will measure brain response to food cues, during a cognitive task, and at rest using magnetoencephalography (MEG) in adolescents with PWS and BMI-matched controls. This is an innovative design as previous studies in this population used only functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine food cue reactivity, which does not directly measure neuronal activity and lacks temporal-sensitivity. In contrast, MEG directly records neural firing and combines high spatial resolution with exquisite temporal resolution, allowing us to measure functional connectivity between brain regions. Importantly, MEG is also patient-friendly with fewer contraindications than MRI. To assess cognitive function, the investigators will utilize gold-standard neuropsychological measures, as well as emotional and social behavioural functioning. Lastly, the investigators will assess hair cortisol, which is a reflection of long term, month-by-month cortical exposure. This new area of research will explore neurobiological and cognitive mechanisms controlling feeding behaviour in PWS.

Details
Condition Prader-Willi Syndrome
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04032639
SponsorThe Hospital for Sick Children
Last Modified on7 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Genetically diagnosed PWS (study population)
Adolescents matched for age, sex, and BMI-percentile (controls)

Exclusion Criteria

Past or current history of alcoholism or consistent drug use
Current untreated major psychiatric illness as defined by the DSM-V criteria
Medications that decrease alertness (that cannot be held on the days of testing)
History of recent major head trauma
Current pregnancy
Diagnosis of diabetes
Current or recent smoker (i.e. >2 cigarettes/week during past year)
History of metal in body (shrapnel, metal slivers, unremovable metal adornments, clips, top braces, pacemaker)
Use of glucocorticoid medications
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