Prospective Study for Delay in Surgical Treatment of Traumatic Cervical Central Cord Injury in Canal Stenosis

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 25, 2024
  • participants needed
    72
  • sponsor
    Nantes University Hospital
Updated on 25 January 2021

Summary

The studied pathology concerns post traumatic cervical spinal cord contusion on narrow spinal canal.

The pathophysiology remains controversial. This pathology does not enjoy consensus support. Many questions remain regarding the surgical care and its delay.

The purpose of the study was to demonstrate non-inferiority of early surgical treatment compared to the same surgery performed with a delay among patients identified as having a cervical spinal cord contusion on posttraumatic narrowed cervical canal.

In the current state of knowledge and practices, the treatment of post traumatic spinal cord contusions on narrow spinal canal spinal decompression is performed remote diagnosis. The generally accepted delay is 15 days.

The surgical technique is a conventional cervical spinal decompression surgery. The type of decompression (anterior or posterior) is dependent on the compression and therefore the clinical radiological analysis. The choice of the technique and the surgical approach are therefore left to the discretion of the surgeon.

After completion of the clinical and radiological diagnosis of post-traumatic spinal cord contusion on narrow spinal canal, the patient was hospitalized in intensive care or in the Neurosurgery Service of the University Hospital concerned.

After anesthetic consultation determining the feasibility or not of surgery and in the absence of other vital injury or involving life-threatening, early surgery within 48 hours of diagnosis is then considered (according to the assigned group).

The surgical technique is a conventional cervical spinal decompression surgery. Way posterior surgery, laminectomy for spinal stenosis significant if greater than or equal to 3 floors will be preferred. In other cases, the type of surgery will be at the discretion of the surgeon and the opinion of the Staff Neurosurgery.

The surgical procedure is identical in the two groups. Alone, the delay of the surgery varies : less than 48 hours for the first group and 15 days for the second.

During the different monitoring visits (D0 (surgery), D7, M3, Y1 and Y2), the following criteria will be assessed : the quality and quickness of the motor and sensory recovery, the early post-operative evolution and the long and medium term evolution but also disability and functional sequelaes.

Details
Condition Acute Traumatic Cervical Central Cord Syndrom Injury
Treatment Early surgery within 48 hours, Delayed surgery at 15 days
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02673320
SponsorNantes University Hospital
Last Modified on25 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age greater than or equal to 18 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have Acute Traumatic Cervical Central Cord Syndrom Injury?
Do you have any of these conditions: Do you have Acute Traumatic Cervical Central Cord Syndrom Injury??
Man or woman
Aged from 18 years old or over
Initial glasgow score 13
Initial ASIA score grade A-D
Scan of the cervical spine in bone windows
Posttraumatic cervical spinal cord contusion on narrow cervical canal confirmed by MRI
Complete or incomplete tetraplegia on whiplash on narrow cervical canal
Patient's consent form (or, if appropriate, by an third party independent of the sponsor and the investigator in the case of physical disability to sign)
Location of the stepped spinal cord injury C2 to t1
Affiliation to a social security system

Exclusion Criteria

Nontraumatic narrow cervical canal
Nontraumatic not acute cervical myelopathy
Cervico brachial neuralgia
Contraindication to one of the methods studied, of a functional exploration, subject on exclusion period
Penetrating cervical-spinal wounds
Lesions threatening the vital prognosis and preventing the emergency decompression
Contraindications to MRI : Pacemaker or implantable defibrillator or pacemaker neurosensory, cochlear implants, ocular or cerebral ferromagnetic foreign body close to the nerve structures, metal prostheses, agitation of the patient : not cooperating or agitated patients, claustrophobic subjects, valves of neurosurgical ventriculoperitoneal shunt, dental braces
Pregnant women
Unconscious patients whose score ASIA is not feasible
Adults under a legal protection regime (guardianship, trusteeship, safeguard justice)
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