FOLFOXIRI Plus Cetuximab vs. FOLFOXIRI Plus Bevacizumab 1st-line in BRAF-mutated mCRC

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Ludwig-Maximilians - University of Munich
Updated on 23 January 2021
measurable disease
serum bilirubin level
kidney function tests
neutrophil count
liver metastasis
folfiri regimen
adenocarcinoma of colon


Once randomisation has been completed, the study treatment should be started preferably immediately; at the latest within one week following randomisation.

The patients will be randomised in a ratio of 1:2 to the following two treatment arms.

Patients in both treatment arms will receive standard chemotherapy with FOLFOXIRI as background treatment, which can be de-escalated to FOLFIRI in case of toxicity.

Standard arm A:

The patient will be treated with FOLFOXIRI plus bevacizumab for up to 12 cycles (24 weeks) or until progression (if the latter occurs before completing the 12 cycles). Within the 12 cycles, the FOLFOXIRI plus bevacizumab regimen may be de-escalated, owing to toxicity, to FOLFIRI and bevacizumab at the treating physician's discretion.

After 12 cycles of the study treatment, a switch to a maintenance regimen with a fluoropyrimidine (5-FU infusion or capecitabine) plus bevacizumab, administered until progression occurs, is recommended. The recommended maintenance phase of the study is not part of the study treatment. However, maintenance therapy will be counted as first-line therapy.

Experimental arm B:

The patient will be treated with FOLFOXIRI plus weekly administration of cetuximab for up to 12 cycles (24 weeks) or until progression (if the latter occurs before completing the 12 cycles). Within the 12 cycles, the FOLFOXIRI plus cetuximab regimen may be de-escalated owing to toxicity, to FOLFIRI and cetuximab at the treating physician's discretion.

After 12 cycles, a switch to a maintenance regimen with 5-FU and cetuximab or with irinotecan and cetuximab, administered until progression occurs, is recommended. The recommended maintenance phase of the study is not part of the study treatment. However, maintenance therapy will be counted as first-line therapy.

Condition Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Treatment Cetuximab, bevacizumab, Irinotecan, Oxaliplatin, 5-FU, Folinic Acid
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04034459
SponsorLudwig-Maximilians - University of Munich
Last Modified on23 January 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Histologically confirmed UICC stage IV adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum with metastases (metastatic colorectal cancer [mCRC]); metastases primarily non-resectable or surgery refused by the patient
RAS wild-type tumour status (KRAS and NRAS exons 2, 3, 4) (proven in the primary tumour or metastasis)
BRAF-mutant (V600E) tumour (proven in the primary tumour or metastasis)
Age 18 years
ECOG performance status 0-1
Patients suitable for chemotherapy administration
Patient's written declaration of consent obtained
Estimated life expectancy > 3 months
Presence of at least one measurable lesion according to the RECIST 1.1 - criteria (chest X-ray in two planes or chest CT and abdominal CT 4 weeks or less before randomisation)
Primary tumour tissue available and patient consents to storage and molecular and genetic profiling of the tumour material. Molecular profiling of blood samples is optionally performed
Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) and men must agree to use effective contraceptive measures (Pearl index <1) for the duration of the study treatment and for at least 6 months after last administration of the study medication. A female subject will be considered to be of child-bearing potential unless she is 50 years of age as well as has had a natural menopause for at least 2 years or has been surgically sterilised
Adequate bone marrow function
Leukocytes 3.0 x 109/L with neutrophils 1.5 x 109/L
Thrombocytes 100 x 109/L
Haemoglobin 5.6 mmol/L (equivalent to 9 g/dL)
Adequate hepatic function
Serum bilirubin 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
ALAT and ASAT 2.5 x ULN (in case of hepatic metastasis, ALAT and ASAT 5 x ULN)
INR < 1.5 and aPTT < 1.5 x ULN (patients without anticoagulation). Therapeutic anticoagulation is allowed if INR and aPTT have remained stable within the therapeutic range for at least 2 weeks
Adequate renal function
Serum creatinine 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance (calculated according to Cockcroft and Gault) 50mL/min
Adequate cardiac function: ECG and echocardiogram with a LVEF of 55%
No previous chemotherapy for metastatic disease (prior radiotherapy of metastasis/metastases without application of chemotherapy permitted provided that no irradiated metastasis is selected as target lesion)
Time interval since last administration of any previous neoadjuvant/adjuvant chemotherapy or radiochemotherapy 6 months
Any relevant toxicities of previous treatments must have subsided to grade 0

Exclusion Criteria

Grade III or IV heart failure (NYHA classification)
Myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, balloon angioplasty (PTCA) with or without stenting within the past 12 months before randomisation
Pregnancy (absence of pregnancy has to be ascertained by a beta hCG test) or breast feeding
Medical or psychological impairments associated with restricted ability to give consent or not allowing conduct of the study
Additional cancer treatment (chemotherapy, radiation, immune therapy or hormone treatment) during the study treatment. Treatments that are conducted as part of an anthroposophical or homeopathic treatment approach, e.g. mistletoe therapy, do not represent an exclusion criterion
Previous chemotherapy for the colorectal cancer with exception of chemotherapy or radiochemotherapy given as neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with curative intent, completed 6 months before entering the study
Participation in a clinical study or experimental drug treatment within 30 days prior to study inclusion or within a period of 5 half-lives of the substances administered in a clinical study or during an experimental drug treatment prior to inclusion in the study, depending on which period is longest, or simultaneous participation in another clinical study while taking part in the study
Known hypersensitivity or allergic reaction to any of the following substances: 5-fluorouracil, folinic acid, cetuximab, irinotecan, bevacizumab, oxaliplatin and chemically related substances and/or hypersensitivity to any of the excipients of any of the aforementioned substances
Known hypersensitivity to CHO (Chinese hamster ovary cells) - cell products or other recombinant human or humanised antibodies
Patients with confirmed cerebral metastases. In case of clinical suspicion of brain metastases, a cranial CT or MRI must be performed to rule out brain metastases before study inclusion
History of acute or subacute intestinal occlusion or chronic inflammatory bowel disease or chronic diarrhoea
Symptomatic peritoneal carcinosis
Severe, non-healing wounds, ulcers or bone fractures
Patients with active infection (including confirmed HIV and/or HBV/HCV infection). In case of clinical suspicion of the presence of HIV or HBV/HCV infection, the latter should be ruled out before study inclusion
Requirement for immunisation with live vaccine during the study treatment
Uncontrolled hypertension
Marked proteinuria (nephrotic syndrome)
Arterial thromboembolism or severe haemorrhage within 6 months prior to randomisation (with the exception of tumour bleeding before tumour resection surgery)
Haemorrhagic diathesis or tendency towards thrombosis
Known DPD deficiency (specific screening not required)
Known glucuronidation deficiency (Gilbert's syndrome) (specific screening not required)
History of a second malignancy during the 5 years before inclusion in the study or during participation in the study, with the exception of a basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or cervical carcinoma in situ, if these were treated curatively
Known history of alcohol or drug abuse
A significant concomitant disease, in particular chronic hepatic or renal disease, chronic inflammatory or autoimmune diseases, ruling out the patient's participation in the study according to investigator's judgement
Absent or restricted legal capacity
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