Ovarium Cancer Detection by TEP's and ctDNA

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 1, 2023
  • participants needed
    500
  • sponsor
    Gynaecologisch Oncologisch Centrum Zuid
Updated on 12 February 2022
tumor markers
tumor cells
cancer of the ovary

Summary

Rationale: Cancer is primarily diagnosed by clinical presentation, imaging and pathological analysis of tissue biopsies, increasingly supported by molecular diagnostics tests. However, late diagnosis and misdiagnosis due to limitations of tissue biopsy acquisition remains a major problem. Therefore, a general blood test to pinpoint cancer early and adequately can be considered the 'Holy Grail', because diagnosis in an earlier stage significantly improves the chance of cure from cancer. Several blood-based sources are currently being evaluated as liquid biopsies, including circulating tumor (ct) DNA and circulating tumor cells, but none of these have been implemented for primary (multiclass) cancer diagnostics. Protein tumor markers have been used for decades in diagnosis and monitoring of treatment response in different cancers. Tumor-educated platelets (TEPs) can function as potential blood-based source for (early) cancer diagnostics. Blood platelets are implicated in hemostasis and wound healing. Platelets have recently emerged as central players and immediate responders in the systemic and local responses to tumor growth. Confrontation of platelets by tumor cells via transfer of tumor-associated molecules ('education') results in the sequestration of these molecules (derived from both tumor and its micro-environment), causing a distinct platelet messenger Ribonucleic acid (mRNA) profile. We have previously shown that platelets acquire glioblastoma and prostate cancer mRNA biomarkers and that glioblastoma TEP mRNA profiles harbour diagnostic potential. Furthermore, circulating tumor desoxyrubonucleic acid (ctDNA) has recently been implicated as biomarker for therapy effectiveness and survival. Objective: develop and evaluate the potential of combination of tumor markers, TEPs and ctDNA as liquid biomarkers for (early) ovarium cancer diagnostics and as markers for therapy response and survival. Study design: investigator-initiated, longitudinal, observational study. Study population: patients suspected of having ovarium cancer and are therefore planned for surgery. Main study parameters/endpoints: The difference in biomarker profile from benign ovarium lesions versus cancerous lesions. Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness. There is no extra burden/risk for the patients in this study. Three extra vials of blood.

Description

Cancer is primarily diagnosed by clinical presentation, radiology, biochemical tests and pathological analysis of tumor tissue, increasingly supported by molecular diagnostic tests. Molecular profiling of tumor tissue samples has emerged as a potential cancer classifying method. In order to overcome limitations of tissue acquisition the use of blood-based liquid biopsies has been suggested. Several blood-based sources are currently being evaluated as liquid biopsies, including plasma DNA and circulating tumor cells. So far, implementation of liquid biopsies for early detection of cancer has been hampered by non-specificity of these sources to pinpoint the nature of the primary tumor. It has been reported that tumor-educated platelets (TEPs) may enable blood-based cancer diagnostics. Platelets are circulating anucleated cell fragments that originate from megakaryocytes in bone marrow, and are traditionally known for their role in hemostasis and initiation of wound healing. More recently, platelets have emerged as central players in the systemic and local responses to tumor growth. Confrontation of platelets with tumor cells via transfer of tumor-associated biomolecules ('education') is an emerging concept and results in the sequestration of such biomolecules. Moreover, external stimuli, such as activation of platelet surface receptors and lipopolysaccharide-mediated platelet activation induce specific splicing of pre-mRNAs in circulating platelets. Platelets may also undergo queue-specific splice events in response to signals released by cancer cells and the tumor microenvironment -such as stromal and immune cells-. The combination of specific splice events in response to external signals and the capacity of platelets to directly ingest (spliced) circulating mRNA can provide TEPs with a highly dynamic mRNA repertoire, with potential applicability to cancer diagnostics. Additionally, the value of other biomarkers that can be derived from a liquid biopsy will be tested in this study. In addition, recently a hallmark paper has shown that combinations of protein tumor markers and ctDNA analysis could discriminate persons with different types of cancer from healthy controls with on average 70% sensitivity (at 99% specificity). In the case of ovarium cancer the sensitivity was 98%. Obvious advantages of liquid biopsy compared to tissue biopsy is the easy accessibility of the material to be obtained and the fact that tumor derived material in blood may cover the cancer heterogeneity where a tissue biopsy is limited to the alterations in the tumor punctured. Therefore, this study investigates the clinical value of longitudinal assessment of liquid biopsy-derived information in diagnosis and monitoring of treatment response in patients suspected of ovarian cancer.

Details
Condition Ovarian Neoplasms
Treatment TEP, ctDNA, ctDNA
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04022863
SponsorGynaecologisch Oncologisch Centrum Zuid
Last Modified on12 February 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Suspicion of ovarian cancer

Exclusion Criteria

Previous intraabdominal malignancies in the history
Clear my responses

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