Study of Magnitude and Prediction of Response to Omalizumab and Mepolizumab in Adult Severe Asthma.

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
    100
  • sponsor
    Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain
Updated on 26 January 2021

Summary

Pragmatic trial to define the magnitude and the predictive factors of the response to omalizumab and mepolizumab in adult patients with severe refractory asthma and eligible to both therapies.

Description

Title "PREDICTUMAB: Predictive factors and magnitude of response to omalizumab and mepolizumab in allergic and eosinophilic severe asthma: a multicenter, open, active-controlled, randomized trial in adult patients in Belgium".

Rationale and background New treatments are now available to treat severe refractory asthma, which affects about 3 to 5% of asthma patients. In particular, biological therapies using monoclonal antibodies targeted to immunoglobulin E (IgE) or interleukin (IL)-5 (and in the future other cytokines or growth factors) benefit to certain patients. Identifying those patients who will better benefit from a specific treatment requires the validation of features (clinical traits, biomarkers) that are predictive of the therapeutic outcome. Such predictive strategy is not available to decide whether anti-IgE (omalizumab) or anti-IL-5 (mepolizumab) should be prioritized in patients who are eligible to both therapies. In addition, the comparison of the magnitude of the clinical benefits achieved by these therapies remains unexplored in this population.

Study Design

The study is designed to initially randomly allocate patients from two strata (with or without maintenance oral corticosteroids) to oma- vs mepolizumab. According to the evaluation of response (at 4 or 6 months, respectively), subjects will then be either prolonged (for 12 months, for both therapies) on the same therapy, or switched to the other. For those who were switched, treatment will be prolonged (or not, in dual failers) after 4 or 6 months according to their evaluation of response. Time-points for analysis will be at 4 or 6 months, 10 months (interim analysis) and 18 or 22 months (final, posttreatment analysis).

State-of-the-art

Asthma is one of the most frequent chronic diseases, affecting 5 to 10% of the population worldwide. Omalizumab and mepolizumab represent the approved antibodies that are indicated in allergic and eosinophilic phenotypes of severe asthma respectively. However, if some patients fall into only one phenotypic category based on these criteria, a substantial number of patients are potentially eligible to both therapies. In those patients, no information is available to orientate towards a preferable therapy as the predictive weight of additional phenotypic traits, such as associated nasal polyps or early- versus late onset of disease, remains unknown. In addition, no head-to-head comparison of these therapies is available in this population.

Objectives of the study

Primary objectives To determine clinical features and blood (or sputum) biomarkers able to predict a better response to omalizumab or mepolizumab in severe asthma patients eligible to both therapies.

To determine the magnitude of response, in terms of improvement in symptoms, exacerbation rate and/or lung function, in responders to omalizumab vs mepolizumab.

Secondary objectives To compare the global baseline characteristics (clinical and biological features) of patients responding to omalizumab vs mepolizumab.

Management and reporting of adverse events.

If during the study, an adverse event (AE) (serious or non-serious) is identified as attributed to omalizumab or mepolizumab, this will be documented as appropriate in routine good clinical practice, to the Federal Agency of Medicines and Products of Health (AFMPS) as well as to the Central Ethic Committee.

Confidentiality of data.

The identity and participation of subjects will remain strictly confidential, according to Belgian laws dated 8 Dec 1992 related to the protection of private life and dated 22 Aug 2002 related to patient rights.

Specimens and associated data will be labeled with unique patient identification number.

Data will be anonymized in all files, results and publications related to the study.

The promoter confirms to authorize the regulatory surveillance, examination and controls by competent authorities, by allowing direct access to database/files, and this in full respect of confidentiality.

Details
Condition Severe Asthma
Treatment Randomisation to omalizumab, Randomisation to mepolizumab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03476109
SponsorCliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain
Last Modified on26 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age between 18 yrs and 80 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have Severe Asthma?
Do you have any of these conditions: Do you have Severe Asthma??
Signed informed consent form (ICF)
Age >18+ years at time of signing ICF
Able to comply with the study protocol, in the investigator's judgment
Documented physician-diagnosed asthma
Patients with severe disease and eligible to omalizumab and mepolizumab, and who have not yet received any of these therapies

Exclusion Criteria

History of evidence of drug/substance abuse that would pose a risk to patient safety, interfere with the conduct of study, have an impact on the study results, or affect the patient's ability to participate in the study, in the opinion of the investigator
Treatment with any investigational therapy within 6 months or 5 drug half-lives prior to enrolment
Known sensitivity to any of the active substances or their excipients to be administered during the study
Clear my responses

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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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