Exosomes and Immunotherapy in Non-Hodgkin B-cell Lymphomas (ExoReBLy)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 2, 2025
  • participants needed
    90
  • sponsor
    University Hospital, Limoges
Updated on 4 October 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) are highly aggressive and heterogeneous B-cell lymphoma that would imminently be fatal without treatment. Monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody, rituximab, in combination of CHOP chemotherapy (R-CHOP) is widely used with favourable results. Although more than half of patients achieve long-term remission, many are not cured with this immunotherapy. Suboptimal response and/or resistance to rituximab have remained a challenge in the therapy of DLBCL but also of all B-NHL. Exosomes are microvesicles released from tumor B cells that are found in plasma of patients with B-NHL. Exosomes carry therapeutic targets (as CD20, PDL-1) and could act as "decoy-receptors" for immunotherapy. Our objective is to precise, in aggressive B-NHL, the role of exosomes in immunotherapy escape.

Description

Diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) are highly aggressive and heterogeneous B-cell lymphoma that would imminently be fatal without treatment. Monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody, rituximab, in combination of CHOP chemotherapy (R-CHOP) is widely used with favourable results. Although more than half of patients achieve long-term remission, many are not cured with this immunotherapy. Decreased CD20 expression has been postulated to be one of the most important contributing to rituximab resistance. Moreover, R-CHOP therapies are sometimes ineffective, and new treatment strategies based notably on host immune responses modulation are being explored. Among them, programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) protein was identified as a potent predicting biomarker in DLBCL. Exosomes are small membrane vesicles secreted by several cell types during exocytic fusion of multivesicular bodies with the plasma membrane. Many cancer cells have been shown to secrete exosomes in greater amounts than normal cells. Exosome secretion may contribute to drug resistance. Indeed, exosome release from B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (B-NHL), by the expression of CD20, has been suggest to act as decoy targets upon rituximab exposure, allowing lymphoma cells to escape from humoral immunotherapy. Finally, as exosome composition seems to be cell and tissue specific, they are highly suitable to serve as diagnostic markers.

Our hypothesis is that high expression of the immunotherapeutic targets (CD20, PD-L1) on exosomes derived from aggressive or resistant B-NHL may allow tumor cells to escape therapeutic antibodies, and thus contribute in vivo to therapeutic resistance. For this objective, we will used exosomes derived from DLBCL human cells and exosomes isolated from plasma of DLBCL patients. We will analyze, on these microvesicles, CD20 and PDL-1 expression in function of DLBCL sub-types and outcome of patients. Moreover, exosome capacity to interfere with immunotherapy will be also studied from in vitro and in vivo (xenografts) models.

Details
Condition Lymphoma, B-cell, Aggressive Non-Hodgkin (B-NHL)
Treatment Blood sample
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03985696
SponsorUniversity Hospital, Limoges
Last Modified on4 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

patients over 18 years old with DLBCL at diagnostic or relapsed patients after R-CHOP therapy
Healthy volunteers over 18 years old

Exclusion Criteria

other B cell diseases
Clear my responses

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