Last updated on July 2019

Virtual Reality Pediatric Orthopaedic Outpatient Procedures


Brief description of study

The main objective of the study is to evaluate the use of Virtual Reality (VR) in managing pain and anxiety levels during common pediatric orthopaedic outpatient procedures which include: cast application, cast removal, hardware removal (ie. pins and screws), suture and staple removal and botox injections. Pain levels however will only be measured during hardware removal, suture and staple removal and botox injections as there is not expected pain from the other procedures. Additional objectives will include evaluating overall satisfaction with the use of VR by the parents/guardians and healthcare provider as well as measuring the overall time of the procedure between the intervention and control group.

Detailed Study Description

Immediately following recruitment, demographic data and diseased related information (ie. location of cast/hardware, reason for cast/hardware placement and location and reason for botox injection) will be collected through self and/or guardian report. All data will be collected using REDCap (research electronic data capture). Using a parallel group design, patients will then be stratified by age (4-7, 8-12 and 13-18 years), gender, and procedure classifications (hardware or cast or staple or suture removal or cast application or botox injection) site of hardware or cast or staple or suture or botox injection), and reason for the procedure (trauma vs a preexisting orthopaedic condition). After randomization by the REDCap system, patients are taken into the procedure room where a questionnaire (Short STAI) is completed by the patient to collect pre-procedural state anxiety measurements. Following this, patients in the control group will receive standard of care (SOC) which is using other distraction techniques such as watching the Television (TV) or playing with toys. The patients in the intervention group will receive SOC with Virtual Reality (VR) interaction a few minutes before, during and following the procedure (around 5-10minutes total). During the procedure the researcher will complete an observational survey (CEMS) to assess procedural state anxiety as well as an additional observational survey (FLACC) to assess procedural pain (for hardware, staple, and suture removal and botox injection). Upon completion, both groups will then be asked to complete a survey (Short STAI) to collect post-procedural anxiety levels and an additional survey (Wong Baker Scale) to retrospectively collect pain levels from during the procedure and their current pain levels post procedure while parent/guardians and cast technician will be asked to complete their respective satisfaction questionnaires. Following this, the child will be asked if they experienced any nausea at any point during the procedure, if they did, they will be asked to complete the BARF questionnaire to measure the amount of nausea experienced. Following completion of questionnaires, patients who were in the control group are invited to interact with the VR simulation for a total of 5 minutes. This was chosen to incentivize recruitment for the study.

SOC will consist of the technician/care provider explaining the procedure while using speech to be comforting and supportive in addition to parent/guardians being allowed to console and distract their child during the procedure.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03784352

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