Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) Plus Fidaxomicin for Severe or Fulminant Clostridium Difficile Infection

  • End date
    Mar 16, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Alberta
Updated on 6 October 2021


Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been very effective for patients who suffer from mild C diff infection (CDI) which recurs but it is unclear how effective FMT alone is in treating severe and fulminant CDI. Current evidence suggests that FMT in combination with vancomycin is required, and that multiple treatments are necessary. The investigators think fidaxomicin may be a better option in the context and may potentially reduce the number of FMT required. However, fidaxomicin has never been used to treat severe or fulminant CDI. In this pilot study, the investigators plan to use a combination of FMT plus fidaxomicin to determine efficacy and safety in treating patients with severe or fulminant CDI. The investigators want to see if this approach may reduce the number of FMT treatment required, and/or the length of hospital stay.


In this prospective, open -label, multi--center feasibility study, the investigators aim to determine the efficacy and safety of using combined serial FMT by enema plus fidaxomicin to treat patients who have severe or fulminant CDI not responding to maximal medical therapy. The hypothesis is the combination of FMT plus fidaxomicin can reduce the number of FMT required and/or hospital length of stay compared to FMT plus vancomycin.

Participants will receive FMT by enemas over 3 days which constitutes a single cycle with concurrent treatment with oral fidaxomicin. If participants do not show improvement biochemically or clinically, then a repeat FMT cycle will be administered to a maximum of 4 cycles.

Condition Clostridium difficile
Treatment Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), Fidaxomicin 200 mg
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03760484
SponsorUniversity of Alberta
Last Modified on6 October 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age > 18 years with severe1 or fulminant2 CDI, without an adequate response to metronidazole IV 500 mg q8H and vancomycin 500 mg PO q6h for at least 2 days or after Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT). An adequate response is defined as a decrease in stool frequency or inflammatory markers (WBC or C reactive protein) by 10% over 48 hours
Those with ability to provide informed consent or an alternative decision maker providing assent

Exclusion Criteria

Those with bowel perforation
Those taking chemotherapy or radiation treatment with absolute neutrophil count of < 1000 cells/mm3
Those with known colonic strictures
Those with subtotal colectomy or planning to have a colectomy
Those with significant ileus
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