Liposomal Irinotecan, Fluorouracil, Leucovorin Calcium, and Rucaparib in Treating Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic, Colorectal, Gastroesophageal, or Biliary Cancer

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Aug 24, 2025
  • participants needed
    18
  • sponsor
    Academic and Community Cancer Research United
Updated on 16 June 2022
platelet count
vasectomy
cancer
calcium
measurable disease
fluorouracil
oophorectomy
progesterone
metastasis
neutrophil count
metastatic adenocarcinoma
tumor cells
leucovorin
irinotecan
rucaparib
parp inhibitor
homologous recombination deficiency

Summary

This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of liposomal irinotecan and rucaparib when given together with fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium and to see how well they work in treating patients with pancreatic, colorectal, gastroesophageal, or biliary cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Chemotherapy drugs, such as liposomal irinotecan, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. PARPs are proteins that help repair DNA mutations. PARP inhibitors, such as rucaparib, can keep PARP from working, so tumor cells can't repair themselves, and they may stop growing. Giving liposomal irinotecan and rucaparib together with fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium may work better in treating patients with pancreatic, colorectal, gastroesophageal, or biliary cancer.

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To establish the recommended dose level for the phase Ib and phase II trial of liposomal irinotecan (nal-IRI) and fluorouracil (5-FU) with rucaparib (MFR) in patients with metastatic disease from pancreatic cancer (up to 2 lines of prior therapy), colorectal cancer (up to 3 lines of prior therapy), gastroesophageal cancer (up to 1 line of prior therapy) and biliary tract cancer (with 1 line of prior therapy allowed). (Phase I) II. To assess, in a preliminary fashion, antitumor efficacy, in terms of disease control rate and further tolerability, of the recommended dose level of combination of nal-IRI and 5-FU with rucaparib in patients with metastatic disease from pancreatic cancer (=< 1 line of prior therapy in the metastatic setting). (Phase Ib) III. To estimate the proportion of evaluable patients who reach complete response (CR)/partial response (PR) =< 32 weeks after registration among patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas with genomic markers (signature) of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD), specifically BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 mutation, treated with the combination of nal-IRI and 5FU with rucaparib (MFR). (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas with genomic markers (signature) of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD), specifically BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 mutation, treated with the combination of nal-IRI and 5-FU with rucaparib (MFR). (Phase II) II. To assess the toxicity of the combination of nal-IRI and 5-FU with rucaparib in patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas with genomic markers (signature) of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD), specifically BRCA1/2 and PALB2 mutations. (Phase II)

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the role of genomic markers (signature) of HRD, mutation other than BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 as predictive biomarkers of response to MFR.

II. To evaluate BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 mutations as predictive biomarker of response to MFR.

OUTLINE: This is phase I, dose-escalation study of liposomal irinotecan and rucaparib and followed by a phase II study.

PHASE Ia: Patients receive liposomal irinotecan intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes, leucovorin calcium IV, and fluorouracil IV over 46 hours on days 1 and 15. Patients also receive rucaparib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 4-13 and 18-27. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unaccepted toxicity.

PHASE Ib/II: Patients receive liposomal irinotecan IV over 90 minutes and fluorouracil IV over 46 hours on days 1 and 15. Patients also receive rucaparib PO BID on days 4-13 and 18-27. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unaccepted toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 3 years.

Details
Condition Metastatic Biliary Tract Carcinoma, Metastatic Colorectal Carcinoma, Metastatic Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma, Metastatic Malignant Digestive System Neoplasm, Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma, Stage IV Colorectal Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IVA Colorectal Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IVB Colorectal Cancer AJCC v7
Treatment fluorouracil, laboratory biomarker analysis, Leucovorin calcium, rucaparib, Liposomal Irinotecan, Irinotecan Sucrosofate
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03337087
SponsorAcademic and Community Cancer Research United
Last Modified on16 June 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Phase I only: Histologic confirmation of pancreatic, colorectal, gastroesophageal or biliary adenocarcinoma, as follows
Patients with metastatic disease from pancreatic cancer who received no more than 2 lines of prior therapy in the metastatic setting
Patients with metastatic disease from colorectal cancer who received no more than 3 lines of prior therapy in the metastatic setting
Patients with metastatic disease from gastroesophageal cancer who received no more than 1 line of prior therapy in the metastatic setting
Patients with metastatic disease from biliary tract cancer who received no more than 1 line of prior therapy in the metastatic setting
NOTE: No prior exposure to irinotecan in the metastatic setting will be allowed except in the phase I dose escalation portion and in colon cancer patients only; in pancreas cancer, exposure to irinotecan is only allowed in the neoadjuvant setting and no progressive disease < 3 months from last dose of irinotecan
Phase Ib only: Patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas who have who
received no more than 1 line of prior therapy in the metastatic setting
NOTE: Exposure to irinotecan is only allowed in the neoadjuvant setting and no progressive disease < 3 months from last dose of irinotecan
NOTE: Exposure to irinotecan is only allowed in the neoadjuvant setting and no progressive disease < 3 months from last dose of irinotecan
Phase II only: Patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas with genomic
markers (signature) of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) or BRCA1 or
Measurable disease
BRCA2 or PALB2 mutation, or HRD (non-BRCA, non-PALB) who have not received any
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1
systemic therapy in the metastatic setting
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
Total bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
Aspartate transaminase (AST) =< 3 x ULN, =< 5.0 x ULN for patients with metastatic disease to the liver (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
Aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3.0 x ULN, =< 5.0 x ULN for patients with metastatic disease to the liver (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
Creatinine =< 1.0 mg/dL or creatinine clearance >= 45 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
Negative serum or urine pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration and repeated prior to dosing on day 1 of each cycle, for individuals of childbearing potential only; NOTE: Individuals are considered to be of childbearing potential unless one of the following applies
Is postmenopausal, defined as no menses for at least 12 months without an alternative medical cause; a high follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level consistently in the postmenopausal range (30 mIU/mL or higher) may be used to confirm a postmenopausal state in women not using hormonal contraception or hormonal replacement therapy; however, in the absence of 12 months of amenorrhea, a single FSH measurement is insufficient to confirm a postmenopausal state: or
Considered to be permanently sterile; permanent sterilization includes hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, and/or bilateral oophorectomy
Provide informed written consent
Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the Active Monitoring Phase of the study)
Note: During the active monitoring phase of a study (i.e., active treatment and observation), participants must be willing to return to the consenting institution for follow-up
Individuals of reproductive potential and their partners willing to practice total abstinence or use a highly effective method of contraception (failure rate < 1% per year) during treatment and for 6 months following the last dose of rucaparib; the following are allowable only
Ongoing use of progesterone-only injectable or implantable contraceptives (eg, Depo Provera, Implanon, Nexplanon)
Placement of an intrauterine device or intrauterine system
Willing to provide tissue and blood samples for mandatory correlative research
purposes
Bilateral tubal occlusion
Sterilization, with appropriate post-vasectomy documentation of absence of sperm in ejaculate
True, complete (as opposed to periodic) abstinence
Patients must discontinue prior chemotherapy >= 28 days before registration

Exclusion Criteria

Any of the following because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are
unknown
Pregnant individuals
Nursing individuals
Persons of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
Immunocompromised patients and patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment
Corrected QT interval (QTc) prolongation > 480 msec, as calculated by either the Bazett or Fridericia formula, as per institutional standard
of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this
study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and
toxicity of the prescribed regimens
Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from cancer of primary site =< 3 years prior to registration EXCEPT for curatively treated cervical cancer in situ, melanoma in situ, non-melanoma skin cancer and superficial bladder tumors [Ta (non-invasive tumor), Tis (carcinoma in situ) and T1 (tumor invades lamina propria)]; Note: All cancer treatments for those distinct in a primary site other than cancer of origin must be completed >= 3 years prior to registration
Received any prior poly ADP-ribose polymerase inhibitor (PARPi) treatment. Patients who received prior PARPi treatment in the adjuvant setting with the last dose received more than 12 months prior to registration are allowed to enroll
Inability to swallow
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