Daratumumab Retreatment in Participants With Multiple Myeloma Who Have Been Previously Treated With Daratumumab

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Feb 15, 2026
  • participants needed
    230
  • sponsor
    Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Updated on 15 September 2021
Investigator
The Medical Research Network, LLC
Primary Contact
IRCCS Ospedale Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza (0.0 mi away) Contact
+163 other location
corticosteroids
maintenance therapy
cell transplantation
dexamethasone
progressive disease
bisphosphonate
carfilzomib
daratumumab
refractory multiple myeloma

Summary

The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy (rate of very good partial response [VGPR] or better as best response as defined by the International Myeloma Working Group [IMWG] criteria) of daratumumab subcutaneous (Dara-SC) in combination with carfilzomib and dexamethasone (Kd) with the efficacy of Kd in participants with relapsed refractory multiple myeloma who were previously exposed to daratumumab to evaluate daratumumab retreatment.

Description

For relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, the treatment is determined on an individual basis. Common standard of care regimens use either a proteasome inhibitor (PI) or an immunomodulatory agent (IMiD) in combination with dexamethasone with or without a monoclonal antibody (mAb) such as daratumumab. After relapse from PIs or IMiDs, patients are often retreated with drugs that have same mechanism of action to which they have been sensitive. The disease becomes refractory and all effective treatment options are exhausted. Daratumumab is a human IgG1 mAb that binds with high affinity to unique epitope on cluster of differentiation 38 (CD38) and attacks tumor cells that overexpress CD38. Study is to determine the efficacy of Dara-SC in combination with carfilzomib and dexamethasone (DKd) in adult participants with relapsed refractory MM who had 1 to 3 prior line(s) of treatment including a line containing daratumumab to evaluate daratumumab retreatment. The MM treatment is determined on an individual basis where patient's age, prior therapy, bone marrow function, co-morbidities, patient preference and time to relapse are considered. Common standard of care regimens use either PI or an IMiD in combination with dexamethasone with or without a mAb. It is a targeted immunotherapy that attacks tumor cells that overexpress CD38, a transmembrane glycoprotein, in a variety of hematological malignancies including multiple myeloma. The study will be conducted in 3 phases: Screening (28 days), Treatment, and Follow-Up. Assessments like chest X-ray, spirometry test, electrocardiogram (ECG), will be performed during Screening phase. During the Treatment Phase, participants will be randomized to receive Kd or DKd. Efficacy assessments like bone marrow examination will be performed. Follow-up will continue until the end of study.

Details
Condition Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoproliferative Disorder, Lymphoproliferative disorders, multiple myeloma (mm)
Treatment Dexamethasone 20 mg, Carfilzomib 20 mg/m^2, Carfilzomib 70 mg/m^2, Dexamethasone 40 mg, Dara-SC 1800 mg
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03871829
SponsorJanssen Research & Development, LLC
Last Modified on15 September 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Evidence of a response (partial response or better based on investigator's determination of response by International Myeloma Working Group [IMWG] criteria) to daratumumab-containing therapy with response duration of at least 4 months
Participants must have progressed from or be refractory to their last line of treatment. Relapsed or refractory disease as defined as: a) Relapsed disease is defined as an initial response to previous treatment, followed by confirmed progressive disease (PD) by IMWG criteria greater than (>) 60 days after cessation of treatment. b) Refractory disease is defined as less than (<) 25 percent (%) reduction in M-protein or confirmed PD by IMWG criteria during previous treatment or >60 days after cessation of treatment
Received 1 to 3 prior line(s) of treatment of which one contained daratumumab, and completed daratumumab at least 3 months prior to randomization. A single line of therapy may consist of 1 or more agents, and may include induction, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and maintenance therapy. Radiotherapy, bisphosphonate, or a single short course of corticosteroids (no more than the equivalent of dexamethasone 40 milligram per day [mg/day] for 4 days) would not be considered prior lines of therapy
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status score of 0, 1, or 2
Women of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test at screening within 14 days prior to randomization

Exclusion Criteria

Previous treatment with daratumumab within the last 3 months prior to randomization
Discontinuation of daratumumab due to a daratumumab-related adverse event (AE)
History of malignancy (other than multiple myeloma) unless all treatment of that malignancy was completed at least 2 years before consent and the patient has no evidence of disease. Further exceptions are squamous and basal cell carcinomas of the skin and carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or breast, or other non-invasive lesion, that in the opinion of the investigator, with concurrence with the sponsor's medical monitor, is considered cured with minimal risk of recurrence within 3 years
Allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to daratumumab, hyaluronidase, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), human proteins, or their excipients, or known sensitivity to mammalian-derived products. Known history of allergy to Captisol (a cyclodextrin derivative used to solubilize carfilzomib)
Participant is: a) Known to be seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with one or more of the following: not receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART), had a change in ART within 6 months of the start of screening, receiving ART that may interfere with study treatment, cluster of differentiation (CD)4 count <350 (unit: cells per cubic millimeter of blood) at screening, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining opportunistic infection within 6 months of start of screening, and not agreeing to start ART and be on ART >4 weeks plus having HIV viral load <400 copies/milliliters (mL) at end of 4-week period (to ensure ART is tolerated and HIV controlled. b) Seropositive for hepatitis B (defined by a positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg]). Participants with resolved infection (example: participants who are HBsAg negative but positive for antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen [anti-HBc] and/or antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen [anti-HBs]) must be screened using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) measurement of hepatitis B virus (HBV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) levels. Those who are PCR positive will be excluded. c) Known to be seropositive for hepatitis C (except in the setting of a sustained virologic response [SVR], defined as aviremia at least 12 weeks after completion of antiviral therapy)
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