Extra-Corporeal Carbon Dioxide Removal in Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

  • days left to enroll
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Policlinico Hospital
Updated on 10 February 2022


Around 20% of the patients requiring hospitalization for Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (AECOPD) develop hypercapnia, which is associated with an increased risk of death. Once Non Invasive Ventilation (NIV) has been initiated, a reduction in Respiratory Rate (RR) and improvement in pH within 4 h predicts NIV success. If pH <7.25 and RR >35 breath per minutes persist, NIV failure is likely. Worsening acidosis, after initial improvement with NIV, is also associated with a worse prognosis. In addition, it has been shown that delaying intubation in patients at high risk for NIV failure has a negative impact on patient survival. Hence, assessing the risk of NIV failure is extremely important. NIV has some limitations: a) intolerance, discomfort and claustrophobia requiring frequent interruptions; b) poor patient-ventilator synchrony, especially in presence of air leaks or high ventilatory requirements. Since removing carbon dioxide by means of an artificial lung reduces the minute ventilation required to maintain an acceptable arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), the investigators hypothesize that applying Extra-Corporeal CO2 Removal (ECCO2R) in high-risk AECOPD patients may reduce the incidence of NIV failure and improve patient-ventilator interaction. After the beginning of ECCO2R, NIV could be gradually replaced by High Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy (HFNCOT), potentially reducing the risk of ventilator induced lung injury, improving patient's comfort and probably allowing the adoption of a more physiologically "noisy" pattern of spontaneous breathing.

Condition Respiratory Failure With Hypercapnia
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03990155
SponsorPoliclinico Hospital
Last Modified on10 February 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients admitted to Emergency or Pulmonology Department, with history of COPD
(pulmonary function test available, any Global Obstructive Lung Disease -GOLD-
stage), treated with NIV for acute hypercapnic respiratory failure due to
AECOPD defined by
pH <7.35 + PaCO2 >45 mmHg (acute hypercapnic respiratory failure) or pH <7.35 + PaCO2 > 20% of baseline value (acute on chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure)
Acute worsening of respiratory symptoms that results in additional therapy
Respiratory failure not fully explainable with cardiac failure and at high risk for NIV failure, defined by
No improvement or worsening of respiratory acidosis (pH <7.35 and PaCO2 >45 mmHg) after 2 hours of NIV + one of the following: RR 30 bpm; use of accessory respiratory muscle or paradoxical breathing (Combination criteria for NIV failure) or
Glasgow Coma Scale 11 after 2 hours of NIV (Single criteria for NIV failure) or
Inability to fit mask (facial deformity/intervention/burns) or marked intolerance to interface because of patient's agitation (Single Criteria for NIV failure)

Exclusion Criteria

Age >80 years old
Contraindications to anticoagulation (any of the following: platelet count <30.000/mm3; activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) >1,5; stroke or severe head trauma or intracranial arteriovenous malformation or cerebral aneurysm in the previous 3 months; central nervous system mass lesion; history of congenital bleeding diatheses; gastro-intestinal bleeding in the previous 6 weeks; gastro-esophageal varices)
PaO2/FiO2 150 mmHg
Hemodynamic instability (80-90 mmHg increase or 30-40 mmHg decrease systolic arterial pressure compared to baseline value or need of vasopressors to maintain systolic blood pressure higher than 85 mmHg or electrocardiogram evidence of ischemia/arrhythmias)
Body Mass Index 37
Impending respiratory arrest
Catheter access to femoral vein or jugular vein impossible
Patient moribund, decision to limit therapeutic interventions
Opposition to participate obtained from the patient or their legally acceptable representative
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact



Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note