Last updated on June 2019

Efficacy of Non-instrumental Pleural Chest Physiotherapy

Brief description of study

The main purpose of this study is to assess efficacy of non instrumental pleural chest physiotherapy on the recovery of respiratory function, at hospital discharge or 15 days after beginning the pleural chest physiotherapy, compared to physiotherapy with standard mobilization, in patients with infectious pleural effusion, who have received usual medical treatment.

Detailed Study Description

Pleural effusions are defined by an abnormal amount of fluid in the pleural space. Those complicating a pneumonia are commonly encountered in pneumology departments, and their number are increasing. If not quickly treated, complications often occur: pleural adhesions, pleural thickening which can lead to a restrictive lung disease, or even to surgery. The average length of stay in hospital of this patients is 15 days. The management of infectious pleural effusion consists of removing the fluid from the pleural space (pleural puncturing or drainage), with or without fibrinolytics, antibiotics, and chest physiotherapy. Chest physiotherapy is often prescribed, but its benefits are largely based on empirical evidence. In the absence of recommendations, chest physiotherapy is done in heterogeneous ways, in France and abroad.

Pleural chest physiotherapy combines postural respiratory exercises, increased ventilation with dynamics expirations, and early inspiratory exercises, resulting in mobilization of pleura and pleural fluid. The hypothesis is that pleural chest physiotherapy thus makes it possible to fight against pleural effusion stagnation, to help resorption of pleural fluid, to limit formation of pleural adhesions and fixed restrictive lung disease. This should improve the recovery of respiratory function, and allow a shorter hospital stay, an improvement of the quality of life, earlier resumption of activities, and a reduction in the risk of complications.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03861897

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Recruitment Status: Open

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