Biological Classification of Mental Disorders (BeCOME)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2025
  • participants needed
    1500
  • sponsor
    Max-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry
Updated on 21 April 2022
anxiety
obsessive compulsive disorder
agoraphobia
depressive disorder
psychiatric disorder
PTSD
panic disorder
social phobia
specific phobia
post-traumatic stress disorder
obsessive-compulsive disorder
anxiety disorder
generalized anxiety
traumatic stress disorder
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

BeCOME intends to include at least 1000 individuals with a broad spectrum of affective, anxiety and stress-related mental disorders as well as 500 individuals unaffected by mental disorders. After a screening visit, all participants undergo in-depth phenotyping procedures and omics assessments on two consecutive days. Several validated paradigms (e.g., fear conditioning, reward anticipation, imaging stress test) are applied to stimulate a response in a basic system of human functioning (e.g., acute threat response, reward processing, stress response) that plays a key role in the development of affective, anxiety and stress-related mental disorders. The response to this stimulation is then read out across multiple levels. Assessments comprise omics, physiological, neuroimaging, neurocognitive, psychophysiological and psychometric measurements. The multilevel information collected in BeCOME will be used to identify data-driven biologically-informed categories of mental disorders using cluster analytical techniques. A subgroup of affected individuals (patients of the outpatients clinic of the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry) are longitudinally observed regarding the stability of omics markers, vital parameters and symptom severity.

Description

Background

A major research finding in the field of Biological Psychiatry is that symptom-based categories of mental disorders map poorly onto dysfunctions in brain circuits or neurobiological pathways. Many of the identified (neuro)biological dysfunctions are "transdiagnostic", meaning that they do not reflect diagnostic boundaries but are shared by different ICD/DSM diagnoses. The compromised biological validity of the current classification system for mental disorders impedes rather than supports the development of treatments that not only target symptoms but also the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. The Biological Classification of Mental Disorders (BeCOME) study aims to identify biology-based classes of mental disorders that improve the translation of novel biomedical findings into tailored clinical applications.

Methods

BeCOME intends to include at least 1000 affected individuals (recruited through advertisements/self-referral or visits in the institute's outpatient clinic or in collaborating practices) with a broad spectrum of affective, anxiety and stress-related mental disorders as well as 500 individuals unaffected by mental disorders (advertisements/self-referral). After a screening visit, all participants undergo in-depth phenotyping procedures and omics assessments on two consecutive days. Several validated paradigms (e.g., fear conditioning, reward anticipation, imaging stress test) are applied to stimulate a response in a basic system of human functioning (e.g., acute threat response, reward processing, stress response) that plays a key role in the development of affective, anxiety and stress-related mental disorders. The response to this stimulation is then read out across multiple levels. Assessments comprise omics, physiological, neuroimaging, neurocognitive, psychophysiological and psychometric measurements. The multilevel information collected in BeCOME will be used to identify data-driven biologically-informed categories of mental disorders using cluster analytical techniques. Moreover, the subgroup of patients from the outpatient clinic of the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry is followed-up at study days 14, 28 and 56 as well as 4 and 12 months after baseline for changes in a subset of parameters (omics, vital parameters and selected psychometric measures).

Discussion

The novelty of BeCOME lies in the dynamic in-depth phenotyping and omics characterization of individuals with mental disorders from the depression and anxiety spectrum of varying severity. The investigators believe that such biology-based subclasses of mental disorders will serve as better treatment targets than purely symptom-based disease entities, and help in tailoring the right treatment to the individual patient suffering from a mental disorder. BeCOME has the potential to contribute to a novel taxonomy of mental disorders that integrates the underlying pathomechanisms into diagnoses.

Details
Condition Mental Disorder, Depressive Disorder, Anxiety, Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
Treatment No intervention
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03984084
SponsorMax-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry
Last Modified on21 April 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Presence of an affective, anxiety or stress-related mental disorder according to the criteria of DSM-IV or DSM-5 (Depressive disorders;Anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorders: agoraphobia with and without panic disorder, panic disorder, social phobia, specific phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder; Stress and trauma-associated mental disorders (e.g. posttraumatic stress disorder)
or no mental disorder

Exclusion Criteria

Intake of any psychotropic medication/substance for a minimum of 2 months before study day 1
Current illness in the field of organic mental disorders
Affective disorders caused by a medical condition
Organic mental disorders (e.g. dementia)
Current disorders of schizophrenia
Current eating disorder
Mental retardation and profound developmental disorders
Severe neurological or internal medical illness
Posttraumatic or post-ischemic brain damage or elapsed cerebral hemorrhage
Acute suicidality
Pregnancy and postpartum period
Magnetic resonance imaging contraindications (e.g. non-MR compatible metal implants including cardiac pacemakers, claustrophobia)
Myopia <-6 D, which cannot be compensated by contact lenses or MR compatible glasses (Cambridge Research Systems, Rochester, UK)
Current substance abuse
Current or past substance dependence
Risky alcohol consumption, screened with the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test
Consumption questions (AUDIT-C) and defined as score of ≥5 in males and of ≥4 in females
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note