Last updated on February 2018

Efficacy of Omega-3/Omega-6 Fatty Acids in Pre-school Children at Risk for ADHD

Brief description of study

The efficacy of PUFAs (as nutritional supplement) in/for pre-school children with ADHS symptoms will be evaluated in a randomised controlled doubleblind trail with children aged 3-6 years.

Detailed Study Description

The study aims at the reduction of hyperactivity, inattention and impulsivity in pre-school children aged 3-6 years, visiting a preschool, and the prevention of clinical ADHD symptoms. The 3-6 years old children will be identified by a combined parent and teacher rating ADHD-symptoms questionnaire (FBB-ADHS-V). Children with ADHD symptoms >90th percentile will participate in a following diagnostic process. The children (n = 150) will be randomised doubleblind to a control group (taking every day four capsules Equazen eye q, containing 400 mg fish oil and 100mg evening primrose oil - EPA (372mg), DHA (116mg), GLA (40mg) and vitamin E (7.2 mg) ) or placebo group. The study is divided into two phases with four months each. After unblinding after the first phase pre-school children taking placebo receive Omega-3/Omega-6 Fatty Acids. Children (n = 75) taking verum during first four months will be randomised doubleblind to verum or placebo. In this way the progress of the behaviour symptoms will be evaluated after a significant period of time (eigth months). Clinical examination (questionnaires, intelligence test, medical examination) and evaluation of ADHD symptoms through parents and teachers with several questionnaires will be used before beginning, after four months and after eight months. In addition the pre-school children will be taken a blood sample (finger prick test) to measure the omega-3/omega-6 fatty acids levels. Additionally regular phone calls will be implemented. Medical examinations and meetings will taken place if required. If symptoms increase, children will be treated medical and/ or psychotherapeutically.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT01795040

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