Efficacies of HDDT With or Without Bismuth vs Amoxicillin-metronidazole BQT for First-line H Pylori Eradication

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 23, 2024
  • participants needed
    702
  • sponsor
    National Taiwan University Hospital
Updated on 23 March 2022
metronidazole
amoxicillin
rabeprazole
bismuth
peptic ulcer
gastritis

Summary

Up to know, three is few large-scale, randomized study prospectively and simultaneously comparing the efficacy, adverse effects and patient compliance of high-dose dual therapy (HDDT) with or without bismuth versus amoxicillin-metronidazole bismuth quadruple therapy (AM-BQT) as first-line regimens for H. pylori eradication.

The aims of this study are:

  1. to compare the efficacy of HDDT with or without bismuth and AM-BQT as first-line regimens for H. pylori eradication;
  2. to compare the patient adherence and adverse effects of these treatment regimens;
  3. to investigate factors that may influence H. pylori eradication by these treatment regimens;
  4. to identify the effect of H. pylori eradication on the evolution of ecosystem of microbiota, and inflammatory parameters.

Description

This prospective multicenter randomized comparative study will be conducted at the National Taiwan University Hospital(NTUH), NTUH Bei-Hu Branch, NTUH Hsin-Chu Branch, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, and Mennonite Christian Hospital in Hua-Lien City. Patients, aged >= 20, having H. pylori-positive chronic gastritis with/without peptic ulcers (duodenal or gastric ulcers) will be recruited. All undergo endoscopy with biopsy for rapid urease test, histology, and bacterial culture before treatment. If the patients did not receive anti-H. pylori therapy previously, these patients will be invited to enter this study for evaluating the efficacy of these 1st-line regimens.

A computed generated random numbers sequence will be blocked into three subgroups, say A, B, and C. After giving written informed consent, each patient will be randomly allocated, to one of three treatment groups:

group A - HDDT (rabeprazole 20 mg qid + amoxicillin 750 mg qid for 14 days);

group B - Bis-HDDT (rabeprazole 20 mg qid + amoxicillin 750 mg qid + tripotassium dicitrate bismuthate 300 mg qid, for 14 days);

group C - AM-BQT (rabeprazole 20 mg bid + tripotassium dicitrate bismuthate 600 mg bid + amoxicillin 1000 mg bid + metronidazole 500 mg tid , for 14 days);

All patients will be asked to complete a questionnaire and to record symptoms, drug consumption, and diet content daily during the treatment period. Post-treatment, the patients will be followed up at the Outpatients Clinic to investigate patient adherence and adverse effects of treatment. Four to eight weeks after termination of treatment, H. pylori infection status will be examined by the C13-urea breath test (UBT). The CYP2C19 genotype of each participant will be analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. A part of participants, at least 30 cases in each group, will be invited to join a follow-up program for one year for evaluating the changes or evolution of gut microbiota composition, metabolic product, parameters of inflammation and immune response.

Details
Condition Helicobacter Pylori Infection
Treatment High-dose dual therapy (rabeprazole, amoxicillin), Bismuth High-dose dual therapy (rabeprazole, amoxicillin, tripotassium dicitrate bismuthate), Amoxicillin-Metronidazole Bismuth quadruple therapy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03897244
SponsorNational Taiwan University Hospital
Last Modified on23 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

participants having H. pylori related chronic gastritis
with/without
peptic ulcers who are aged greater than 20 years old and are willing to received first-line
eradication therapy

Exclusion Criteria

pregnant or nursing woman
serious concomitant illness and malignant tumor of any kind
serious bleeding during the course of this ulcer
history of hypersensitivity to test drugs;
previous gastric surgery
receiving bismuth salts, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), or antibiotics in the previous
month
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