Last updated on June 2019

Circulating microRNAs and Degenerative Abdominal Aorta Aneurysm

Brief description of study

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an aortic dilatation superior or equal to 30 mm with an estimated prevalence at 8% in men over 65 year-old. It evolves with no clinical signal until the rupture of the aortic wall with dramatic outcomes. The pathophysiological mechanisms include extracellular matrix remodeling, smooth muscle cells apoptosis, aggregation and activation of inflammatory cells in the aortic wall and heredity. The initiating and regulatory processes are complex and not fully elucidated. They encompass local aortic environment (flux, thrombus, wall shear stress, pressure and adipose tissue) and patient-dependent genetic (de)regulation.

This project follows the previous prospective ACTA study that aimed at identifying clinical criteria, circulating biomarkers or imaging data for thoracic aneurysm prognosis in an AAA population. The preliminary results showed that 1) a low wall shear stress index and the luminal volume are more predictive values for a rapid AAA growth and an intraluminal thrombus than the maximal aortic diameter 2) three thoracic aortic phenotypes (normal, dilated, aneurysmal) stratify the disease extent 3) the age and the female gender are associated to an extended disease. During this study we created a biobank in which blood samples of AAA patients were collected at the time of their inclusion (T1). This new ACTA-miRNA study aims at correlating circulating biomarkers to the anatomical and biomechanical markers previously highlighted for a rapid aneurysmal growth. Circulating miRNA are involved in parietal remodeling and constitute promising targets for estimating patients-specific aortic risk.

From the literature, we thus selected 18 miRNA described to be involved in AAA biology: inflammation, remodeling, cellular homeostasis and wall shear stress. As control, we select non-AAA patients presenting with peripheral arterial obstructive disease (PAOD) matched in age, BMI, tobacco consumption, diabetes, cholesterol level and blood pressure with AAA patients enrolled in the ACTA study. During their follow-up, these ACTA patients are solicited to continue the program research and can participate to the ACTA-miRNA study. A third time analysis is performed for them (T3): we collect imaging data of total aorta required by their standard follow-up, as well as a blood sample. Differential analysis of the miRNA panel will be conducted between 1) AAA patients (T1) vs PAOD patients 2) fast-growing AAA vs slow-growing AAA 3) AAA & AAT patient group vs AAA alone and/or AAA & dilatation of thoracic aorta. 110 patients from the ACTA study are eligible to be included into the ACTA mi-RNA study. Inclusion of PAOD controls will be conducted until the number of 165 cases is reached (1:1.5 ratio).

Our primary objective is to validate a circulating-miRNA signature specific for abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03974958

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Recruitment Status: Open

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