Daratumumab Bortezomib and Dexamethasone Followed by Daratumumab Ixazomib and Dexamethasone in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2023
  • participants needed
    60
  • sponsor
    M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Updated on 18 April 2021
vasectomy
cancer
monoclonal antibodies
measurable disease
growth factor
gilbert's syndrome
induction therapy
dexamethasone
progressive disease
neutrophil count
tumor cells
monoclonal antibody therapy
bortezomib
monoclonal protein
daratumumab
withdrawn
bone lesions
refractory multiple myeloma
ixazomib
hypercalcemia
plasmacytoma
light chain level
light chain measurement

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well daratumumab, bortezomib, and dexamethasone followed by daratumumab, ixazomib, and dexamethasone in treating patients with multiple myeloma that has come back (relapsed) or does not response to treatment (refractory). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as daratumumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as dexamethasone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Bortezomib and ixazomib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving daratumumab, bortezomib, and dexamethasone followed by daratumumab, ixazomib, and dexamethasone may work better and help to control cancer in patients with multiple myeloma.

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To evaluate the progression-free survival of subjects with daratumumab, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (DVd) treatment followed by daratumumab, ixazomib, and dexamethasone (DId) treatment.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate overall response rate (ORR) as assessed by International Myeloma Working Group Criteria (IMWG).

II. To evaluate time to response (TTR). III. To evaluate time to progression (TTP). IV. To evaluate duration of response (DOR). V. To evaluate overall survival (OS). VI. To evaluate the safety and tolerability. VII. To evaluate minimal residual disease (MRD) rate. VIII. To evaluate quality of life (QoL) using the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSMQ-9) and European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) patient reported questionnaires.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVE:

I. To evaluate biomarkers of response to treatment and mechanisms of resistance with pretreatment and post-treatment bone marrow and blood samples with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) sequencing and immune profiling by flow cytometry.

OUTLINE

Patients receive daratumumab intravenously (IV) over 3.5-6.5 hours on days 1, 8, and 15, bortezomib subcutaneously (SC) on days 1, 4, 8, and 11, and dexamethasone IV over 15 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 and orally (PO) on days 2, 4, 5, 9, 11, 12, and 16. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive daratumumab IV over 3.5 hours on days 1 and 15 of cycles 4-7 and day 1 of subsequent cycles, ixazomib PO on days 1, 8, and 15, and dexamethasone IV over 15 minutes or PO once weekly. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study, patients are followed up at 30 days and then periodically for up to 24 months.

Details
Condition Recurrent Plasma Cell Myeloma, Refractory Plasma Cell Myeloma, Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Treatment quality-of-life assessment, Dexamethasone, Bortezomib, Daratumumab, Ixazomib
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03763162
SponsorM.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Last Modified on18 April 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Subjects must have histologically confirmed diagnosis of multiple myeloma
Subjects must have measurable disease, as defined by at least one of the following
Serum monoclonal protein M-protein level >= 0.5 g/dL
Urinary M-protein excretion of >= 200 mg over a 24-hour period
Involved free light chain level >= 10 mg/dL, along with an abnormal free light chain ratio
Subjects must have disease that has relapsed and/or refractory after their most recent therapy, with progressive disease (PD) being defined as an increase of 25% from the lowest response value in any one or more of the following
Serum M-component protein (the absolute increase must be >= 0.5 g/dL) and/or
Urine M-component protein (the absolute increase must be >= 200 mg/24 hours) and/or
Only in subjects without a measurable serum and urine M protein level: the difference between involved and uninvolved free light chain (FLC) levels (absolute increase) must be > 10 mg/dL
Definite development of new bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas or definite increase in the size of existing bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas
Development of hypercalcemia (corrected serum calcium > 11.5 mg/dL) that can be attributed solely to the plasma cell proliferative disorder
Subjects with one to three lines of therapy for their disease with a prior therapy is defined as 2 or more cycles of therapy given as a treatment plan for multiple myeloma (MM) (e.g. a single-agent or combination therapy or a sequence of planned treatments such as induction therapy followed by autologous stem cell transplant (SCT) and then consolidation and/or maintenance therapy)
Subjects must have achieved a partial response or better to at least one prior line of therapy
Subjects must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status and/or other performance status 0, 1, or 2
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mm^3 without growth factors within 2 weeks of initiation of treatment
Platelets >= 75,000/mm^3
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN). In subjects with documents Gilbert's syndrome, total bilirubin =< 2 x ULN
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)/alkaline phosphatase (ALT) serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) =< 3 x ULN
Creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2
Subjects must be willing to give written consent before performance of any study related procedures not part of standard medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care
Female subjects who
Are postmenopausal for at least 1 year before the screening visit, OR
Are surgically sterile, OR
If they are of childbearing potential, agree to practice 2 effective methods of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent form through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, OR
Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception)
Male subjects, even if surgically sterilized (i.e., status post-vasectomy), must agree to one of the following
Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, OR
Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception)

Exclusion Criteria

Subjects who received prior ixazomib at any time or daratumumab or other anti-CD38 therapies, except as part of initial therapy if this was stopped to move on to SCT and the subject did not progress on anti-CD38 treatment
Subjects are refractory to bortezomib or carfilzomib at the last exposure before this study (defined as subject having PD while receiving bortezomib or carfilzomib therapy or within 60 days after ending bortezomib or carfilzomib therapy)
Subjects with known allergy to any of the study medications or their analogues
Subjects planning to undergo SCT prior to PD on this study (i.e., these subjects should not be enrolled in order to reduce disease burden prior to transplant)
Subjects receiving systemic treatment with strong cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A (CYP3A) inducers (e.g. rifampin, rifapentine, rifabutin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital) or use of St. John's wort within 14 days before randomization
Subjects must have completed their most recent drug therapy directed at multiple myeloma in the following timeframes
Antitumor therapy (chemotherapy, antibody therapy, molecular targeted therapy, retinoid therapy, hormonal therapy, or investigational agent) within 30 days of study day 1
Corticosteroids at least 3 weeks prior to starting therapy, except for a dose equivalent to dexamethasone of =< 4 mg/day OR an emergency use of a short course of corticosteroids (equivalent of dexamethasone 40 mg/day for a maximum of 4 days)
Autologous stem cell transplantation at least 12 weeks prior to starting study treatment
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation at least 24 weeks prior to starting treatment, and these subjects must also NOT have moderate to severe active acute or chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD)
Subjects with known chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with a forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) < 50% of predicted normal
Subjects with grade 2 or higher residual toxicities from prior therapy (including grade 2 or higher peripheral neuropathy or any grade neuropathy with pain) with the exception of alopecia
Subjects who have undergone major surgery within 28 days of study day 1. NOTE: Subjects with planned surgical procedures to be conducted under local anesthesia may participate. Kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty are not considered major surgery
Subjects with central nervous system involvement of myeloma
Subjects with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection requiring intravenous antibiotics or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Subjects with myocardial infarction within 6 months of study day 1, symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III and higher), unstable angina, or uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia (grade 2 or higher)
Subjects with gastrointestinal (GI) tract disease causing the inability to take oral medication, malabsorption syndrome, requirement for intravenous alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, uncontrolled inflammatory GI disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis)
Subjects with active hepatitis B or C virus infection, or known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive
Subjects diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 2 years before study enrollment or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease. Subjects with nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone complete resection
Female patients who are lactating or have a positive serum pregnancy test during the screening period
Radiotherapy within 14 days before enrollment. If the involved field is small, 7 days will be considered a sufficient interval between treatment and administration of the ixazomib
Participation in other clinical trials, including those with other investigational agents not included in this trial, within 30 days of the start of this trial and throughout the duration of this trial
Patients that have previously participated in a study with ixazomib whether treated with ixazomib or not
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