The Effect of 18-month Regimen Containing 6 Anti-tuberculosis Drugs for Patients With MDR-TB

  • End date
    Dec 23, 2021
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Beijing Chest Hospital
Updated on 23 January 2021
chest x-ray
sputum culture
pulmonary tuberculosis
extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis


WHO has recommended that multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB, defined as resistance to at least isoniazid (H) and rifampicin (R) be addressed as a public health crisis and enhance capacity to deliver effective treatment and care. According to the 2018 WHO TB Report, the overall treatment success rate of MDR-TB is 55% while much lower in China at just only 41% with the 24-month regimen. In order to further verify the safety and efficiency of optimizing shorter 18-month regimen containing 6 anti-TB drugs with MDR-TB patients,500 more patients will be enrolled and observed.


  1. Design: the study is a multi-center,open, single arm trial.
  2. Population:patients with sputum culture positive and confirmed as MDR-TB via drug resistance of isoniazid(H),rifampicin(R),ethambutol(E)and pyrazinamide or patients with GeneXpert confirmed RR-TB.
  3. Investigational regimen:3Am-Mfx-PZA-X-Y-Z/3Am3-Mfx-PZA-X-Y-Z/12 Mfx-PZA-X-Y-Z.XYZ are the drugs susceptible or possibly susceptible to mycobacterial bacilli(The candidated drugs to be selected are:Cs-Cycloserine,Pto-Protionamide,Clr-Clarithromycin,PAS-sodium para-aminosalicylate,E-ethambutol,Bdq-Bedaquiline,Cfz-Clofazimine,Lzd-linezolid).The abbreviation of the name of the 3 drugs in the regimen is explained as follows: PZA-pyrazinamideAm-AmikacinMfx-moxifloxacinand the total duration of the regimen is 18 months.
  4. Primary and secondary outcome measures:

The primary outcome measures include 1.the treatment success rate.2. Death rate.

The secondary outcome measures include 1.sputum conversion rate at the end of month 2, month 3,intensive phase of 6 months and treatment completion of all enrolled patients.2.Frequency of adverse drug reaction occurring during treatment.3.Radiological manifestation change of TB lesion or cavity during treatment.

5. Sample size: 500 eligible patients will be enrolled.

Condition drug-resistant tuberculosis
Treatment 18-month regimen containing 6 anti-TB drugs
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03830671
SponsorBeijing Chest Hospital
Last Modified on23 January 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is willing and able to give informed consent to participate in the trial treatment and follow-up
Is aged between 18 years and 70 years
Has a positive sputum culture result or a positive GeneXpert result
Has evidence of RR-TB or MDR-TB either by GeneXpert or culture-based drug susceptibility testing (DST)
Non pre-XDR-TB or XDR-TB
Is willing to use effective contraception of women at childbearing age
Has had a chest X-ray that is compatible with a diagnosis of pulmonary TB

Exclusion Criteria

pre-XDR-TB or XDR-TB
Has a known allergy to any drug of the regimen
Is currently taking or took part in another trial less than three months before the study initiation
Is HIV positive
Has abnormal ECG with QT prolongation over 430ms of men while 450 of women
Is critically ill, and in the judgment of the investigator, unlikely to take part in the study.Or has any condition (social or medical) which in the opinion of the investigator would make study participation unsafe
Is known to be pregnant or breast-feeding
Has severe cardiovascular diseases, such as heart failure, hypertension (poor blood pressure control), arrhythmia or post-infarction status
Has severe concomitant severe disease such as respiratory failure or cardiac insufficiency or liver and kidney injury with aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) more than 2.5 times the upper limit of normal or with serum creatinine(Cr)more than 1.3 times the upper limit of normal
Has Karnofsky score less than 50%
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