Last updated on June 2019

Value of Pharmacokinetic Assays in the Prediction of Therapeutic Response in Ulcerative Colitis


Brief description of study

Vedolizumab (VDZ) is a monoclonal antibody that binds to the heterodimer 47 integrin and which has shown its efficacy in Ulcerative Colitis (UC) by inducing and maintaining clinical response/remission. The French marketing authorization was obtained for Ulcerative Colitis in patients in failure with anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor (anti-TNF) agents. In the pivotal study, correlation between drug levels and clinical response during induction and maintenance therapy were reported. Moreover, in 3.7% of cases, anti-vedolizumab antibodies were reported during the time-course and 1% had samples that were persistently positive. Up to now, data on the pharmacologic VDZ parameters are scarce and the relationships as well as the predictive value of the measurement of VDZ concentrations and VDZ monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) during the induction and maintenance phases remains unknown. It could be of paramount interest to early identify UC patients under VDZ who will be responders to VDZ induction and to identify those who will achieve clinical remission under maintenance therapy with VDZ.

Detailed Study Description

The contribution of the pharmacokinetic studies of monoclonal antibodies (anti-TNF antibodies currently) has assumed increasing importance of its use in clinical practice. Therapeutic algorithms for both Infliximab (IFX) and Adalimumab (ADA) have been published and are used by many expert teams in the event of loss of therapeutic response. Similarly, the concentrations are assuming important in the indication of therapeutic de-escalation. Lastly, the assays may predict medium-term therapeutic response to treatment and thus enable proposal of preventive therapeutic changes (5). The Gemini 1 study (phase 3 vedolizumab vs. placebo in Ulcerative Colitis) showed a correlation between drug levels and clinical response during induction and maintenance therapy. Moreover, in 3.7% of cases, anti-vedolizumab antibodies were reported during the time-course and 1% had samples that were persistently positive. (1). In addition, we have decided to assess the clinical response to VDZ induction at W10 (Week 10), as the Gemini III trial for Crohn Disease (Crohn Disease) have reported, among patients who had experienced previous Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) antagonist failure, that 15% of those given vedolizumab versus 12% under placebo were in remission at W6 (P=0.433) whereas a higher proportion of them were in remission (26%) under VDZ when compared with the placebo arm (12%) at week 10. Therefore, in clinically non-responders at W10, an additional dose of 300 mg of VDZ will be infused at W10 and every four weeks.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03724929

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CHU Amiens

Amiens, France
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CHU Kremlin Bic tre

Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France
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Ch Lyon Sud

Pierre-Bénite, France
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CHU Saint-Etienne

Saint-Étienne, France
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CHU Kremlin Bic tre

Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France
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Ch Lyon Sud

Pierre-Bénite, France
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CHU Saint-Etienne

Saint-Étienne, France
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Recruitment Status: Open


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