Last updated on May 2019

Efficacy and Safety of Curosurf in Patients Invasively Ventilated for Severe Bronchiolitis Under 12 Months of Age

Brief description of study

Background. Viral bronchiolitis is a common cause of hospitalization for acute respiratory insufficiency in young infants. Despite several RCT have tested the effectiveness of various agents, currently there is no proven specific therapy for bronchiolitis, treatment remaining mostly supportive. Based on available studies, exogenous surfactant replacement in bronchiolitis is likely to have a promising safety and efficacy profile. Primary objective. To evaluate whether Curosurf treatment is effective compared to placebo (air) in reducing the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation in the first 14 days of hospitalization, in infants less than 12 months suffering from acute hypoxemic bronchiolitis. Methods. a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial. 19 Italian PICUs will enroll children less than12 months with hypoxemic acute bronchiolitis, with need for invasive mechanical ventilation. Once the patient has been recruited, randomization should occur as quickly as possible. The first dose of Curosurf or placebo should be administered within 60 minutes of randomization. The treatment may be repeated once, not before 12 hours and not later than 24 hours after the initial dose. The assignment of the type of treatment will be communicated by the Coordinator center to the researcher attending the patient's bed. The same medical researcher will then take care of administering the assigned treatment, masking the procedure with appropriate precautions, for example with screens or closing the patient's room whenever possible. The preparation and administration of treatment, medication or placebo, can be done by a nurse who must not disclose the assigned treatment and will not be involved in the patient's care until the conclusion of the study. Patient evaluation will be carried out by other physicians and/or nurses who will not be aware of the assigned treatment. Regardless the received treatment, all patients will be assisted according to standard practice of the Unit. For the purposes of the study, several parameters will be collected 15 minutes before, and 2, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 hours after administration of the drug: oxygenation indexes such as OI, OSI, PaO2 and SatO2; Invasive ventilation parameters, i.e. current volume, positive end expiratory pressure, peak pressure, respiratory rate, FiO2 and mean airway pressure; and ventilation indexes such as PaCO2 and End Tidal CO2. If it is necessary to repeat the treatment, the above parameters will be re-collected with the same timepoints. During the study all the AE/ADR will be recorded.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03959384

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