A Phase I Study of Autologous Activated T-Cells Expressing a 2nd Generation GD2 Chimeric Antigen Receptor, IL-15, and iCaspase9 Safety Switch Administered To Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Neuroblastoma or Relapsed/Refractory Osteosarcoma

  • End date
    Jun 19, 2039
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Updated on 16 October 2022
renal function
granulocyte colony stimulating factor
systemic therapy
measurable disease
karnofsky performance status
bone marrow procedure
shortening fraction
colony stimulating factor
kidney function tests
neutrophil count
tumor cells
refractory neuroblastoma
pulse oximetry
cancer chemotherapy
cellular therapy
left ventricular fractional shortening
tumor vaccine
high-risk neuroblastoma
refractory osteosarcoma


The body has different ways of fighting infections and disease. No single way seems perfect for fighting cancer. This research study combines two different ways of fighting disease: antibodies and T cells. Antibodies are molecules that fight infections and protect your body from diseases caused by bacteria and toxic substances. Antibodies work by sticking to those bacteria or substances, which stops them from growing and causing bad effects. T cells are special infection-fighting blood cells that can kill other cells, including tumor cells or cells that are infected. Both antibodies and T cells have been used to treat patients with cancers. They both have shown promise, but neither alone has been enough to cure most patients.

This multicenter study is designed to combine both T cells and antibodies in order to create a more effective treatment. The treatment that is being researched is called autologous T lymphocyte chimeric antigen receptor cells (CAR) cells targeted against the disialoganglioside (GD2) antigen that express Interleukin (IL)-15, and the inducible caspase 9 safety switch (iC9), also known as iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T cells.


In previous studies, it has been shown that when T cells have part of an antibody attached to them, they are better at recognizing and killing cancer cells. The antibody that will be used in this study is called anti-GD2. This antibody floats around in the blood and can detect and stick to cancer cells called neuroblastoma cells because they have a substance on the outside of the cells called GD2. For this study, the anti-GD2 antibody has been changed so that instead of floating freely in the blood, it is now joined to the T cells. However, it is unknown how long the iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T cells last in the body, so their chances of fighting cancer cells are not well known.

To improve the tumor-fighting power of GD2-CAR-T cells, two additional components were added to these cells. The IL-15 gene was added so that the GD2-CAR-T cells can attack tumor cells more effectively. Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a chemical that cells use to communicate with one another. Other research using IL-15 in combination with CAR-T cells has shown there is an increase in the body's ability to allow the CAR-T cells to survive and grow in the body. The iC9 gene was added as an "off switch" so it can stop the activity of the GD2-CAR-T cells if there are any serious bad side effects. Bad side effects seen previously in patients receiving the GD2 antibody alone include pain. In this study, the "stop switch" can be used to turn off the GD2-CAR-T cells if you experience intense pain that does not respond to normal pain treatments.

The study will enroll a minimum of 10 adult subjects and 10 pediatric subjects; all subjects will undergo lymphodepletion chemotherapy prior to the cell infusion as outlined in the protocol.

Condition Neuroblastoma, Osteosarcoma
Treatment cyclophosphamide, Fludarabine, iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T-cells
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03721068
SponsorUNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Last Modified on16 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Written HIPAA authorization signed by legal guardian
Adequate performance status as defined by Lansky or Karnofsky performance status of ≥
Life expectancy ≥12 weeks
Histological confirmation of neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma at initial
diagnosis. Bone marrow samples are acceptable as confirmation of neuroblastoma
confirmation of osteosarcoma at diagnosis
High-risk neuroblastoma with persistent/refractory or relapsed disease, defined as
First or greater relapse of neuroblastoma following completion of aggressive
multi-drug frontline therapy
First episode of progressive neuroblastoma during aggressive multi-drug frontline
therapy. Persistent/refractory neuroblastoma as defined by less than a complete
response by the revised International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria (INRC) at
the conclusion of at least 4 cycles of aggressive multidrug induction
chemotherapy on or according to a high-risk neuroblastoma protocol (such as A3973
or ANBL0532)
Patients must be diagnosed with high risk neuroblastoma at initial diagnosis or
if non-high risk at time of initial diagnosis must have had evidence of
metastatic progression when >18 months of age as defined in the protocol or
relapsed or refractory osteosarcoma that is not responsive to standard treatment
Measurable or evaluable disease per Revised INRC for subjects with neuroblastoma or
measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST)
v1.1 criteria for subjects with osteosarcoma
Adequate central nervous system function as defined by
No known Central Nervous System ( CNS) disease
No seizure disorder requiring antiepileptic drug therapy

Exclusion Criteria

will not be able to participate in this study (procurement, lymphodepletion, and cell
Pregnant or breastfeeding (NOTE: breast milk cannot be stored for future use while the
mother is being treated on study)
Has a known additional malignancy that is active and/or progressive requiring
History of hypersensitivity reactions to murine protein-containing products
History of hypersensitivity to cyclophosphamide or fludarabine
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact


Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note