API-CAT STUDY for APIxaban Cancer Associated Thrombosis (API-CAT)

  • End date
    Jan 11, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Updated on 4 October 2022


The main objective is to determine whether a low-dose regimen of apixaban (2.5 mg bid) is non inferior to a full-dose regimen of apixaban (5 mg bid) for the prevention of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with active cancer who have completed at least 6 months of anticoagulant therapy for treating a documented index event of proximal deep venous thrombosis (DVT) (symptomatic or incidental) or pulmonary embolism (symptomatic or incidental).


For patients completing at least 6 months of anticoagulant therapy in whom the cancer is active, the thrombotic risk is arguably ongoing and indefinite anticoagulation seems required.

Given apixaban 5 mg bid is an alternative for the first 6 months of treatment, we intend to assess whether it is possible to lower the dose of apixaban (2.5 mg bid) after completing at least 6 months of anticoagulant treatment in a specific population of patients with cancer associated thrombosis (CAT) requiring extended anticoagulant treatment and with significant life expectancy. There are 2 conditions to be met : demonstrate the non-inferiority of the 2.5 mg bid regimen on the efficacy endpoint and then demonstrate the superiority of the 2.5 mg bid regimen as compared to the 5 mg bid on the safety endpoint.

It is a multicenter, international, prospective, randomized, parallel-group, double-blind non-inferiority trial with blinded adjudication of outcome events (approximately 160 centers in approximately 10 countries (France, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Greece, Netherlands, UK, Switzerland, Poland, Austria), with a number of expected inclusions of 11 patients per site.

Subjects should be randomized within 7 days after the last dose of their initial 6-month treatment, defined as the treatment ongoing after completing at least 6 months of anticoagulant treatment from the beginning of the anticoagulant treatment for the index event. This treatment may be low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH), direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) or vitamin K antagonist (VKA). If a VKA was used as standard anticoagulant therapy, then an INR must be documented as 2 or less before randomization. Every attempt should be made to randomize subjects as soon as possible after the initial treatment has been discontinued.

Subjects will be stratified based on the cancer site and the type of disease treated (PE with/without DVT or DVT alone). If a subject had both symptomatic DVT and symptomatic PE, the subject will be stratified as having symptomatic PE.

Condition Cancer-associated Thrombosis
Treatment Apixaban 5 mg
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03692065
SponsorAssistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Last Modified on4 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Signed written informed consent
Any cancer diagnosed histologically (other than basal-cell or squamous-cell carcinoma of the skin, primary brain tumor or intra-cerebral metastasis)
Active cancer defined as the presence of measurable disease or ongoing (or planned) chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy at inclusion
Objectively documented index event : Symptomatic or incidental proximal lower-limb, iliac, inferior vena cava DVT or symptomatic or incidental pulmonary embolism in a segmental or larger pulmonary artery or incidental PE in a segmental or larger pulmonary artery
Proximal DVT is defined as DVT that involves at least the popliteal vein or a more proximal vein, demonstrated by imaging with compression ultrasound (CUS), including grey-scale or color-coded Doppler, or ascending contrast venography or contrast enhanced computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging
PE has to be demonstrated by imaging as follows
an intraluminal filling defect in segmental or more proximal branches on contrast enhanced chest computed tomography or on computed tomography pulmonary angiography; or
an intraluminal filling defect or a sudden cutoff of vessels more than 2.5 mm in diameter on the pulmonary angiogram; or
a perfusion defect of at least 75% of a segment with a local normal ventilation result (high-probability) on ventilation/perfusion lung scan (VPLS)
Incidental VTE is defined as proximal DVT or PE detected by imaging incidentally
No objectively documented symptomatic recurrence of VTE between the index event and randomization
when a patient undergoes imaging studies as standard of care for the
Anticipated duration of anticoagulant treatment of at least 12 months at the time of randomization
management of his or her malignancy or other reasons but not for a VTE
Patient affiliated to social security for French centers
suspicion(e.g. cancer diagnosis or staging)
Completed at least 6 months of anticoagulant therapy at therapeutic dosage (whatever
the drug and the dosing),or completed assigned a clinical trial study
treatment, for the treatment of the index event and patient still receiving
anticoagulant treatment 6 months after occurrence of the VTE index

Exclusion Criteria

WOCBP who are unwilling or unable to use an acceptable method of birth control [such as oral contraceptives, other hormonal contraceptives (vaginal products, skin patches, or implanted or injectable products), or mechanical products such as an intrauterine device or barrier methods (condoms)] to avoid pregnancy for the entire study
Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
Women with a positive pregnancy test on enrollment or prior to investigational product administration
Isolated sub-segmental (incidental or symptomatic) PE without associated DVT
Isolated distal DVT of the legs
Isolated upper-extremity DVT or superior vena cava thrombosis
Isolated visceral thrombosis
Isolated catheter thrombosis
Objectively documented symptomatic recurrence of VTE after the index event under anticoagulant treatment
VTE during anticoagulant treatment given at therapeutic dosage
Subjects with indications for long-term treatment with a VKA, such as
Mechanical heart valve
Antiphospholipid syndrome
Subjects with indication for long-term anticoagulation with a VKA or a DOAC at therapeutic dosage
Conditions increasing the risk of serious bleeding
intracranial or intraocular bleeding within the 6 months
major surgery within 2 weeks prior to randomization
overt major bleeding at time of randomization
Life expectancy < 12 months
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) level 3 or 4
Bacterial endocarditis
Uncontrolled hypertension: systolic blood pressure >180 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure >110 mm Hg
Platelet count < 75,000/mm3
Hemoglobin < 8g /dl
Creatinine clearance < 30 ml /min based on the Cockcroft Gault equation
Acute hepatitis, chronic active hepatitis, liver cirrhosis; or an alanine aminotransferase level 3 times or more and/or bilirubin level 2 times or more higher the upper limit of the normal range
Subjects requiring acetylsalicylic acid >165 mg/day at randomization or thienopyridine therapy (clopidogrel, prasugrel, or ticagrelor)
Subjects requiring dual anti-platelet therapy (such as acetylsalicylic acid plus clopidogrel or acetylsalicylic acid plus ticlopidine) at randomization. Subjects who transition from dual antiplatelet therapy to monotherapy prior to randomization will be eligible for the trial
Concomitant use of strong inhibitors of both cytochrome P-450 3A4 and P Glycoprotein (e.g., human immunodeficiency virus protease inhibitors or systemic ketoconazole) or strong inducers of both cytochrome P450 3A4 and P Glycoprotein (e.g.,rifampicin, carbamazepine, or phenytoin)
Prisoners or subjects who are involuntarily incarcerated
Subjects who are compulsorily detained for treatment of either a psychiatric or physical (eg, infectious disease) illness
Hypersensitivity to apixaban
Subjects participating in another pharmaco therapeutic program with an experimental therapy that is known to affect the coagulation system
Under 18 years old
Patients under legal protection (guardianship)
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