S-1 for 9 Months Versus 1 Year for Stage II Gastric Cancer (SMAC)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    May 1, 2027
  • participants needed
    1006
  • sponsor
    Fudan University
Updated on 7 February 2022
lymphadenectomy
cancer chemotherapy
adenocarcinoma
adjuvant chemotherapy
immunostimulants

Summary

The study aims to compare the efficacy and safety of S-1 for 9 months versus S-1 for 1 year as adjuvant chemotherapy after D2 resection in patients with gastric cancer.

Hypothesis: For gastric patients after D2 resection, S-1 for 9 months shows non-inferiority to S-1 for 1 year in disease-free survival(DFS), overall survival (OS) and safety.

Description

It has been identified that S-1 is an effective adjuvant treatment for East Asian patients who have undergone a D2 dissection for locally advanced gastric cancerGC) in the Japanese Adjuvant Chemotherapy Trial of TS-1S-1) for Gastric Cancer (ACTS-GC) trail, And S-1 has become one of the standard therapies to these patients. But it is still unknown whether it would improve equally or even more to overall survival(OS) and disease-free survival(DFS) than S-1 for 1 year compared with S-1 for 9 months. As a result, An further clinical trial is still needed, This trial is designed to investigate the efficacy and safety of S-1 for 9 months versus S-1 for 1 year as adjuvant chemotherapy after D2 resection in patients with gastric cancer.

In this study, patients histologically confirmed stage II and who received D2 resection were randomly assigned to receive S-1 for 9 months or S-1 for 1 year. Patients aged from 18 to 75 years and adequate organ function are randomized 1:1 to S-1 for 9 months and S-1 for 1 year. Both are the 3-week recycle of S-1 (80-120mg per day) for 2 weeks, followed by 1 week of rest. The primary endpoint is 3-year DFS, and the secondary endpoint is 5-year OS and safety. Final study analysis will be conducted at the end of the 5th year after the last patient's enrollment. In summary, we hold the hypothesis that S-1 for 9 months is equally effective, safer, and easier to carry out. If possible, there will be a new adjuvant chemotherapy strategy for gastric cancer patients after D2 resection.

To ensure the quality of the study, two interim analyses will be planned at the half and the completion of the study respectively. The DATA and Safety Monitoring Committee will independently review the interim analysis and stop the study ahead of schedule if necessary. Furthermore, to improve the study progress and quality, the in-house interim monitoring will be performed.

Details
Condition Gastric Cancer
Treatment S-1 for 1 year, S-1 for 9 months
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03941561
SponsorFudan University
Last Modified on7 February 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

The lower age limit of research subjects 18 years old and upper age limit of 75 years old
Be proven to be primary adenocarcinoma of gastric cancer and staged II by pathological evidence
R0 surgery with lymphadenectomy
Without any other malignancies
ECOG (ECOG score standard) performance status of 0 or 1 and expected to survive more than 6 months
No contraindications to chemotherapy, including normal peripheral blood routine, liver, and kidney function and electrocardiogram WBC4.0 x 109 /L, NEU1.5 x 109 /L, PLT100 x 109 /L and HGB90g/L)

Exclusion Criteria

Female in pregnancy or lactation, or refuse to receive Contraception measures during chemotherapy
Patients with stage I, III and IV
Unavailable for R0 resection and D2 lymph node dissection
Suffering from other uncontrolled diseases, such as other tumors, acute and Chronic infection
With severe heart disease, including congestive heart failure, uncontrolled arrhythmias, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, severe heart valve disease, and resistant hypertension
Any Known or suspected history of drug allergy test
The researchers believe the patient is not able to complete the entire course of the experiment
Patients (within 4 weeks) are receiving any other anti-cancer drugs therapy, biological therapy, radiation therapy, or Immunosuppressive therapy
Patients conform to any of the following: post-organ transplant, necessary for long-term immunosuppressive or suffering with autoimmune diseases
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