Last updated on May 2019

Gender Influence on Torsadogenic Actions of Droperidol.

Brief description of study

Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a quite common complication affecting patients undergoing general anesthesia. There are a few pharmacological agents of well known effectiveness in reducing the risk of PONV. One of them is droperidol, which is a butyrophenone derivant. It has been widely used for the prevention and treatment of PONV due to its high effectiveness and low cost. Though, droperidol has a relevant side effect, that is a repolarization prolongation. This can lead to life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias: polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (torsades de pointes, TdP) that can degenerate into ventricular fibrillation and cardiac arrest. This was a reason why in 2001 the FDA issued a "black box" warning on droperidol. Ever since papers focused on this problem have described the influence of small doses of droperidol on TdP genesis as weak. This could be explained by the fact, that QT/QTc (corrected QT) interval prolongation, which represents prolonged cardiac repolarization on ECG, is not the sole determinant of a drug's potential to cause arrhythmia. Another electrocardiographical marker of torsadogenic action is increased transmural dispersion of repolarization (TDR). TDR represents differences in the repolarization between myocardial "layers" (like epicardium, endocardium, myocardium cells). It is believed that the induction of QT/QTc lengthening must coexist with TDR increase at the same time to promote torsadogenic changes.

It has been known, on the basis of research, that females have been more potent to torsadogenic actions of pharmacological agents than males. That could be related to estrogen influence on ECG parameters, which had been proven on animal model. It hasn't been investigated, whether gender is an important factor when considering droperidol's torsadogenic potential.

The aim of this study is to answer a hypothesis, that women are more potent to torsadogenic actions of droperidol in comparison with men.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03944681

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