Opioid Taper Study

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    40
  • participants needed
    25
  • sponsor
    University of Pennsylvania
Updated on 2 May 2021
analgesia
opioid
chronic pain
cold
pain relieving
neuralgia

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of opioid taper on pain sensitivity in patients with chronic pain. In a well-characterized sample of men and women with chronic neuropathic pain on high-dose opioid therapy, experimental pain responses (cold-pressor, quantitative sensory testing) will be serially described over the course of and following an individualized opioid taper. In addition, functional improvements and subject-level predictors of response will be described.

Description

The overall Specific Aim of this proposal is to determine the effect of opioid taper on pain sensitivity in patients with chronic pain. Specifically, in a well-characterized sample of men and women with chronic neuropathic pain and receiving high-dose opioid therapy (200mg morphine equivalents/day [MED]), experimental pain responses will be serially described over the course of an individualized opioid taper to a safer dose of 90mg MED for up to 12 months. Changes will be inspected within-subject over time, and pain perception will be measured with two valid and reliable experimental pain induction techniques commonly used to measure OIH (cold-pressor, quantitative sensory testing); in addition, related functional improvements and subject-level predictors of response will be described.

Hypothesis 1. Subjects undergoing opioid taper will have improved pain responses over time compared to within-subject baseline as measured by cold-pressor and quantitative sensory pain testing.

Hypothesis 2. Improvements in experimental pain responses will be positively related to improved functional outcomes compared to within-subject baseline as measured by the PROMIS physical, mental and social health measures.

Hypothesis 3. Degree of improvement in experimental pain responses related to opioid taper will be predicted by demographic, pain, and opioid use history characteristics of the subject.

Data showing that pain perception improves as opioids are withdrawn would provide an evidence-based, mechanistic rationale for opioid taper in patients with chronic pain and have the potential to support a sea-change in opioid prescription practices. In that ongoing opioid therapy brings with it significant health risks for the patient and the community, it is critical that empirical evidence of its efficacy be demonstrated to balance the benefits with the risks of adverse events, potential misuse and abuse, and patient safety.

Details
Condition Pain, Chronic Pain, Post-Surgical Pain, Pain (Pediatric), chronic pains
Treatment Opioid Taper Pain perception
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03912298
SponsorUniversity of Pennsylvania
Last Modified on2 May 2021

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