Last updated on May 2019

RENACTIF: Reduction of the Thrombotic Phenotype in Renal Insufficiency With N-AcetylCysteine

Brief description of study

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a known risk factor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

In CKD, decline of renal function results in the accumulation of uremic toxins in blood and tissue, such as Indoxyl Sulfate (IS). IS plasma level is predictive of mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Patients with CKD have increased oxidative stress and circulating tissue factor (TF) levels. In vitro, IS induces an inflammatory, pro-oxidative and pro-coagulant phenotype on endothelial cells and activates TF. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) protects endothelial cells from the effects of IS. NAC reduces oxidative stress and production of activated TF. A prospective study evaluating an oral NAC treatment versus placebo in chronic hemodialysis patients showed a better cardiovascular outcome but the physiopathology was unclear.

The hypothesis is that NAC reduces cardiovascular risk by its effect on uremic toxin-induced pro-coagulant TF production.

The primary objective is to compare the effect of NAC intravenously administered at each dialysis session (2gram on 3 dialysis sessions per week) to placebo on circulating TF levels in patients with CKD on chronic hemodialysis after 4 weeks of treatment. The objective is to show a 33% decrease in circulating tissue factor (TF) levels in the NAC group compared to the control group.

It is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial that includes chronic hemodialysis patients from La Conception Hospital (AP-HM) in Marseilles, France. This is an interventional biomedical research project.

20 patients will be included in each group and will receive during 4 weeks intravenous injection.

This study will give a pathophysiological rationale for the use of NAC to reduce thrombotic and cardiovascular risk in patients with CKD. This step will provide the rationale for a clinical trial to reduce the occurrence of major cardiovascular events with IV NAC in hemodialysis (HD) patients.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03636932

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