Last updated on May 2019

Preventive Heart Rehabilitation to Prevent Complications in Patients Undergoing Elective Open Heart Surgery


Brief description of study

Rationale

Patients undergoing cardiac surgery are at risk of developing perioperative complications and major adverse cardiac events, mainly related to both their preoperative status and type of surgical procedure. Postoperative exercise based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an effective therapy to prolong survival and improve quality of life. However, little is known about the effect on post-operative complications, quality of life and return to work of a combined preand post-operative CR program encompassing physical therapy, dietary counseling, psychological support and life style management compared to a CR program, which is provided only after cardiac surgery.

Objective

to determine whether a pre- and postoperative (PRE+POST) CR program improves the short (up to three months) and long term outcomes (up to one year) of the cardiac surgery (i.e. reduction in postoperative surgical complications, readmissions to hospital and major adverse cardiac events in conjunction with improvements in the physical component of health related quality of life), when compared to postoperative CR only (POST).

Study design:

A Prospective Randomized Open controlled trial, Blinded End-point. Patients are randomized between two standard care CR programs. One group will start a the POST CR program after surgery. The other group will be randomized to a combined PRE+POST CR program.

Study population:

Patients (age > 18 years) admitted for elective coronary bypass surgery, valve surgery and/or aortic surgery

Main study parameters/endpoints:

The primary outcome is a composite weighted endpoint of postoperative surgical complications, re-admissions to hospital, major adverse cardiac events and health related quality of life (two domains: physical functioning and physical problem), at three months and one year after surgery. Endpoints are determined by an independent endpoint committee, blinded to the group allocation. Secondary, the study focuses on physical health (cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength and functional status), psychological health (feelings of anxiety and depression), work participation, economics, lifestyle risk factors (physical activity and smoking behavior), self-efficacy and illness representations.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02984449

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