Improving the Outcome of High-risk Aggressive B-cell Lymphoma Patients With Nivolumab Maintenance Therapy (NivoM)

  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Meirav Kedmi MD
Updated on 4 February 2022
growth factor
neutrophil count
blood transfusion
diffuse large b-cell lymphoma
beta human chorionic gonadotropin


This trial is designed as a unicenter, single arm phase II trial. The aim of the trial is to test whether prognosis of high-risk Aggressive B cell Lymphoma (ABCL) patients who are in complete remission (CR) post immunochemotherapy can be improved by 2year nivolumab maintenance therapy. Participants will be recruited from Chaim Sheba Medical Center as well as from other medical centers in Israel through the Israeli lymphoma group. Therapy will be treated in Chaim Sheba Medical Center.


The rationale for prolonged nivolumab therapy in high-risk ABCL patients in CR following 1st line standard therapy is based on the hypothesis that the stimulation of immune system by Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD1) blockade will also facilitate the eradication of minimal residual disease (MRD), that is not apparent by positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, and eventually will prevent relapse and improve survival. The Study will include adult patients, age 18, with high risk (IPI3) ABCL, in CR according to PETCT, as defined by the Lugano Criteria, following first-line rituximab (R) and anthracycline-containing regimen.

Condition Lymphoma, B-Cell
Treatment Nivolumab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03569696
SponsorMeirav Kedmi MD
Last Modified on4 February 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adult patients age 18
Histologically confirmed DLBCL, primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma or any other aggressive B-cell lymphoma as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) 2016 criteria 4, with IPI of 3 or more post completion R- anthracycline containing regimen for at least 6 cycles and in complete remission according to the Lugano Criteria 45 per PETCT
Hematology laboratory values must be within the following limits
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) 1000/mm3 independent of growth factor support
Platelets 100,000/mm3 independent of transfusion support
Biochemical values within the following limits
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Total bilirubin 1.5 x ULN unless the increase is due to Gilbert's syndrome or of non- hepatic origin
Serum creatinine 2 x ULN or estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (Cockroft-Gault)
Women of childbearing potential and men who are sexually active must be practicing a highly effective method of birth control during and after the study consistent with local regulations regarding the use of birth control methods for subjects participating in clinical trials. Men must agree to not donate sperm during and after the study. For females, these restrictions apply for 1 month after the last dose of study drug. For males, these restrictions apply for 3 months after the last dose of study drug
Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum (beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [Beta-hCG]) or urine pregnancy test at screening. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding are ineligible for this study
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 1
Sign (or their legally acceptable representatives must sign) an informed consent document indicating that they understand the purpose of and procedures required for the study, including biomarkers, and are willing to participate in the study

Exclusion Criteria

Patients not in CR, as defined by the Lugano Criteria, after completion of first line R- anthracycline based therapy
Patients previously treated with any line of therapy for relapsed/refractory disease
Major surgery within 4 weeks of starting the first nivolumab infusion
Previous treatment with nivolumab or any other PD-1 or PD-L1/2 inhibitors
Prior allogeneic stem cell transplantation
Known central nervous system lymphoma
Clinically significant cardiovascular disease such as uncontrolled or symptomatic arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, or myocardial infarction within 6 months of Screening, or any Class 3 (moderate) or Class 4 (severe) cardiac disease as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification
Clinically significant pulmonary disease
Vaccinated with live, attenuated vaccines within 4 weeks of enrolment
Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Active Hepatitis C Virus or active Hepatitis B Virus infection or any uncontrolled active systemic infection requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics. Hepatitis B core antigen (HBC) positive as well as HBs positive, HBcore positive HBs negative patients will not be eligible
Any life-threatening illness, medical condition, or organ system dysfunction which, in the investigator's opinion, could compromise the subject's safety
Patients with an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger
There must also be no requirement for immunosuppressive doses of systemic corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) for at least 2 weeks prior to study drug administration
Diagnosed or treated for a malignancy other than DLBCL, except
Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no active disease present for 3 years before enrolment
Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo malignant without evidence of disease
Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease
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