Last updated on December 2019

More Options for Children and Adolescents (MOCHA): Oral and Long-Acting Injectable Cabotegravir and Rilpivirine in HIV-Infected Children and Adolescents


Are you eligible to participate in this study?

You may be eligible for this study if you meet the following criteria:

  • Conditions: HIV infection
  • Age: Between 12 - 17 Years
  • Gender: Male or Female

Inclusion Criteria: Cohort 1 Step 1 and Cohort 2 Step 3

All the following criteria must be met for inclusion of any adolescent participant in Step 1 of Cohort 1, or in Step 3 of Cohort 2, unless otherwise noted:

  • At enrollment, 12 to less than 18 years of age
  • Note: For Cohort 1 Step 2 participants, age will not be exclusionary for enrollment into Cohort 2 Step 3, if otherwise eligible.
  • If not of legal age or otherwise not able to provide independent informed consent as determined by site Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and consistent with site Institutional Review Board (IRB)/Ethics Committee (EC) policies and procedures: Parent or legal guardian is willing and able to provide written informed consent for study participation and potential participant is willing and able to provide written assent for study participation
  • If of legal age or otherwise able to provide independent informed consent as determined by site SOPs and consistent with site IRB/EC policies and procedures: Willing and able to provide written informed consent for study participation
  • At enrollment, body weight greater than or equal to 35 kg (77 lbs)
  • Note: For Cohort 1 Step 2 participants, body weight will not be exclusionary for enrollment into Cohort 2 Step 3, if otherwise eligible.
  • For Cohort 1, at enrollment, body mass index (BMI) less than or equal to 31.5 kg/m^2
  • At enrollment, willing and able to comply with the study visit schedule and other study requirements, as determined by the site investigator or designee
  • Confirmed HIV-1-infection based on documented testing of two samples collected at different time points. More information on this criterion can be found in the protocol.
  • For at least 6 consecutive months (defined as 180 consecutive days) prior to screening, and prior to enrollment, has been on stable cART consisting of 2 or more drugs from 2 or more classes of antiretroviral drugs, as determined by the site investigator of record (IoR) or designee, and based on participant or parent/guardian report and/or available medical records.
  • Note: Participants undergoing dose modifications to their antiretroviral regimen for growth or who are switching medication formulation(s) are considered to be on a stable cART.
  • Has at least one documented plasma HIV-1 RNA less than 50 copies/mL from a specimen collected 6 to 12 months (defined as 180 to 365 days) prior to screening.
  • Has at least one documented plasma HIV-1 RNA less than 50 copies/mL from a specimen collected within 6 months (defined as within 179 days) prior to screening.
  • At screening, has Grade 2 or lower of all the following laboratory test results:
  • Alanine transaminase (ALT) (u/l)
  • Lipase (u/l)
  • Estimated creatinine clearance (CrCl; Schwartz formula mL/min/1.73m^2)
  • Platelets (cells/mm^3)
  • Hemoglobin (g/dL)
  • See study protocol for guidance on severity grading. Laboratory tests may be repeated during the study screening period, with the latest result used for eligibility determination.
  • For participants enrolling into Cohort 1, Step 1 and on an atazanavir-containing (ATV) cART regimen, at screening, has total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 mg/dL or normal direct bilirubin
  • At screening, has documented plasma HIV-1 RNA less than 50 copies/mL
  • At screening, corrected Q-T interval (QTc) interval (automated machine readout or calculated using either Bazett or Fredericia) less than or equal to 500 msec
  • For females, has a negative human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) laboratory test result at entry
  • For females of childbearing potential, at entry, currently using at least one allowable effective method of contraception, and agrees to use at least one allowable effective method of contraception throughout study participation, for at least 30 days after discontinuation of oral study product, and for at least 48 weeks after discontinuation of CAB LA and/or RPV LA, and intending to delay any planned pregnancies until 30 days after last oral study product use or until 48 weeks after last injectable study product use.
  • Note: See study protocol for details regarding contraceptive counseling, a list of the allowed effective contraceptive methods for this study, and the definition of a female of childbearing potential. Hormonal-based contraceptives must have been initiated within the prescribed time, per the respective contraceptive method, to be considered effective at the time of Entry. The site IoR or designee is responsible for ensuring that the contraceptive is used in accordance with the approved product label, and counseling participants on proper use of chosen methods of contraception, including barrier methods.
  • For Cohort 1 participants enrolling to Cohort 2, have completed all scheduled study visits in Cohort 1 Step 2

Exclusion Criteria: Cohort 1 Step 1, or Cohort 2 Step 3

Adolescents will be excluded from the study if any of the following are identified during the screening period:

  • Within 6 months (defined as within 179 days) prior to screening, two consecutive documented HIV-1 RNA values greater than or equal to 50 copies/mL
  • Note: Unconfirmed virologic HIV-1 RNA value of greater than or equal to 50 copies/mL (transient detectable viremia, or "blip") prior to screening is not exclusionary.
  • For Cohort 1 participants enrolling to Cohort 2, Step 3, occurrence of any Grade 3 or higher adverse event assessed as related to study product during participation in Cohort 1 (including any long-term safety and washout PK follow-up visits).
  • For participants enrolling to Cohort 1 Step 1, based on available medical records, currently on either a cART regimen containing both a protease inhibitor (PI) and an integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI), or a cART regimen containing both an INSTI and a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI).
  • As determined by the IoR or designee, and based on available medical records, known or suspected resistance to RPV
  • As determined by the IoR or designee based on available medical records, known or suspected resistance to INSTIs
  • History of congestive heart failure, symptomatic arrhythmia, or any clinically significant cardiac disease, as determined by the IoR or designee based on available medical records
  • At entry, known active tuberculosis infection, requiring anti-tuberculosis treatment, as determined by the IoR or designee based on available medical records
  • Known hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection, as determined by the IoR or designee based on available medical records
  • Clinically significant hepatic disease, as determined by the IoR or designee based on available medical records
  • Current or anticipated need for chronic anti-coagulation, as determined by the IoR or designee, based on available medical records
  • History of sensitivity to heparin or heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, as determined by the IoR or designee, based on available medical records
  • History of known or suspected bleeding disorder including history of prolonged bleeding, as determined by the IoR or designee, based on available medical records
  • Known or suspected allergy to study product components
  • More than one seizure within one year (defined as within 365 days) prior to entry, or unstable or poorly controlled seizure disorder, as determined by the IoR or designee, based on available medical records.
  • At entry, participant is receiving (or has received in the last 7 days) any disallowed medication listed in the study protocol.
  • Current inflammatory skin condition that compromises the safety of intramuscular injections as determined by the IoR or designee.
  • Has a tattoo or other dermatological condition overlying the buttock region which, in the opinion of the IoR or designee, may interfere with interpretation of injection site reactions
  • Surgicallyplaced, or planned, buttock implants, per selfreport
  • For females, lactating (per self-report and/or parent/guardian report) at entry
  • Enrolled in another clinical trial of an investigational agent, device, or vaccine
  • Any other condition or social circumstance situation that, in the opinion of the IoR or designee, would make study participation unsafe, complicate interpretation of study outcome data, or otherwise interfere with achieving the study objectives

Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria, Step 2 (Cohort 1 Progression Criteria, Step 1 to Step 2)

Cohort 1 Step 1 participants will be assessed for eligibility to progress from the oral lead-in phase (Step 1) to the injection phase (Step 2) primarily based on the safety assessments from the Cohort 1 Step 1 Week 4a study visit. Clinical assessments conducted prior to administering the first injection at the Week 4b visit will also be used to confirm eligibility to receive the injectable study product. See the study protocol for Week 4a and Week 4b visit scheduling, order of procedures, and visit windows, respectively.

All of the following criteria must be met in order for participants to be included in Cohort 1 Step 2:

  • Currently enrolled in Cohort 1, Step 1
  • At Cohort 1 Step 1 Week 4a study visit, or from confirmatory repeat testing of Cohort 1 Step 1 Week 4a study visit laboratory tests, has Grade 2 or lower of all the following laboratory test results:
  • ALT (u/l)
  • Lipase (u/l)
  • Estimated creatinine clearance (CrCl; Schwartz formula mL/min/1.73m^2)
  • Platelets (cells/mm^3)
  • Hemoglobin (g/dL)
  • Note: For a Grade 2 ALT test result from this visit, refer to the study protocol for required participant management. Abnormal laboratory test result values from the Week 4a visit may be repeated within the target visit window, and if confirmatory testing results in Grade 2 or lower, the participant may be eligible to continue onto the injection phase, should all other eligibility criteria be met.
  • For females, at Cohort 1 Step 1 Week 4b study visit, has a negative hCG laboratory test result
  • Assessed by the IoR or designee as sufficiently adherent in Step 1 to permit an adequate evaluation of safety and tolerability as part of the oral lead-in phase prior to entry into the injection phase
  • Participants who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from Cohort 1 Step 2:
  • Has permanently discontinued oral study product
  • Occurrence of any grade 3 or higher adverse event assessed as related to study product during participation in Step 1
  • Any other condition or social circumstance that, in the opinion of the IoR or designee, would make study participation unsafe, complicate interpretation of study outcome data, or otherwise interfere with achieving the study objectives.

Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria, Step 4 (Cohort 2 Progression Criteria, Step 3 to Step 4)

Cohort 2 Step 3 participants will be assessed for eligibility to progress from the oral lead-in phase (Step 3) to the injection phase (Step 4) primarily based on the safety assessments from the Cohort 2 Step 3 Week 4a study visit. Clinical assessments conducted prior to administering the first injection at the Week 4b visit will also be used to confirm eligibility to receive the injectable study product. See the study protocol for Week 4a and Week 4b visit scheduling, order of procedures, and target visit windows, respectively.

All of the following criteria must be met in order for participants to be included in Cohort 2 Step 4:

  • Currently enrolled in Cohort 2, Step 3
  • At Cohort 2 Step 3 Week 4a study visit, or from confirmatory repeat testing of Cohort 2 Step 3 Week 4a study visit laboratory tests, has Grade 2 or lower of the following laboratory test results:
  • ALT (u/l)
  • Lipase (u/l)
  • Estimated creatinine clearance (CrCl; Schwartz formula mL/min/1.73m^2)
  • Platelets (cells/mm^3)
  • Hemoglobin (g/dL)
  • Note: For a Grade 2 ALT test result from this visit, refer to the study protocol for required participant management. Abnormal laboratory test result values from the Week 4a visit may be repeated, within the target visit window, and if confirmatory testing results in Grade 2 or lower, the participant may be eligible to continue onto the injection phase, should all other eligibility criteria be met.
  • For females, at Cohort 2 Step 3 Week 4b study visit, has a negative hCG laboratory test result
  • Assessed by the IoR or designee as sufficiently adherent in Step 3 to permit an adequate evaluation of safety and tolerability as part of the oral lead-in phase prior to entry into the injection phase
  • Participants who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from Cohort 2 Step 4:
  • Has permanently discontinued oral study products
  • Occurrence of any grade 3 or higher adverse event assessed as related to study product during participation in Cohort 2, Step 3
  • Any other condition or social circumstance that, in the opinion of the IoR or designee, would make study participation unsafe, complicate interpretation of study outcome data, or otherwise interfere with achieving the study objectives.

Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria: Parents/Caregivers

Selected parents or caregivers of adolescents may be enrolled to complete qualitative phone interviews. See the study protocol for more information regarding the selection process, and coordination of scheduling the interviews. All of the following criteria must be met for the parent/caregiver to be enrolled:

  • Selected by the protocol team for participation in the study
  • Willing and able to provide informed (verbal or written) consent for study participation
  • Per the adolescent participant, has knowledge of how the adolescent participant tolerated the study product, and lives with or has regular supportive contact with the adolescent participant
  • Per parent/caregiver self-report, has knowledge of how the participant tolerated the study product, and lives with or has regular supportive contact with the adolescent participant
  • Willing and able to complete interview in English by phone
  • Parents and/or caregivers of participants who meet the following criterion will be excluded from study participation:
  • Any condition or social circumstance that, in the opinion of the IoR or designee, would make study participation unsafe for either the parent/caregiver or the adolescent participant, complicate interpretation of study outcome data, or otherwise interfere with achieving the study objectives.

Recruitment Status: Open


Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team


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