A Pilot Trial of Disposable Nitrous Oxide Canisters in Providing Pain Control During Burn Dressing Changes

  • days left to enroll
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Manitoba
Updated on 29 May 2022
wound care
burn care
burn dressing
wound treatment


Improvements in burn care have resulted in increased survival. Despite these improved outcomes one of the leading challenges of burn care remains providing adequate analgesia during routine wound care and dressing changes. The traditional use of narcotics is challenging as the therapeutic window between analgesia and suppression of breathing becomes narrow with the intense pain and high doses of narcotics needed for dressing changes.


The normal challenges of using narcotics are increased in burn patients, who have significantly altered metabolism. Unfortunately, the use of regular general anesthesia or conscious sedation is not a viable option due to the resources required, and as the hypermetabolism of burn injury would result in compromised wound healing with repeated periods of without eating related halting of nutritional intake. This has led to the use of a number of adjuncts ranging from nonmedical (virtual reality, mindfulness, hypnosis etc.) to medication (ketamine, anxiolytics etc.). Historically Nitrous oxide has been used in similar settings where severe procedural pain is of relatively shorter duration, such as tooth extraction, labor or minor surgical procedures. Nitrous oxide is a rapidly acting analgesic that takes effect seconds after inhalation, and lasts minutes. While a randomized trial of Nitrous oxide in burn care has been proposed, the only published information currently available is in a Chinese medical journal.

To address this a gap in knowledge, a pilot Randomized Controlled trial is proposed to evaluate if Nitrous Oxide in the form of limited dose inhaler canisters can be used to improve pain control during burn dressing changes compared to placebo canisters.

Condition Burns, Pain, Acute
Treatment Placebo, Nitrous Oxide Inhalant Product
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03695887
SponsorUniversity of Manitoba
Last Modified on29 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

adult burn patients admitted to the Health Sciences Centre
total body surface area burned of 5-20%

Exclusion Criteria

admitted to intensive care unit
unable to participate in the measurement outcomes (sedated, cognitively impaired, unable to understand English or visually impaired)
medical condition that precludes using nitrous oxide (respiratory disease and significant cardiovascular disease 5)
physically unable to hold the canister
<90% SaO2 on room air
face burn
pre-injury narcotics (relative exclusion)
use of IV ketamine
pre-existing lung injury
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact


Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note