Safety and Immunogenicity of Ad4-HIV Envelope Vaccine Vectors in Healthy Volunteers

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Apr 15, 2024
  • participants needed
    300
  • sponsor
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Updated on 4 October 2022
platelet count
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blood test
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Background

Researchers want see if three new HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) vaccines are safe. Two vaccines are carried by live adenoviruses, which are natural and typically cause cold symptoms or an eye infection. Researchers want to see if all the vaccines help fight HIV and if the adenoviruses are contagious.

Objectives

To test the safety and effects of three new HIV vaccines.

Eligibility

Healthy adults 18 49 years old (vaccinees)

Their household and intimate contacts 18 65 years old

Design

Vaccinees will be screened with:

Physical exam

Medical history

Blood and urine tests

Questions about HIV risk

Vaccinees will learn how to prevent spreading the viruses and about required contraception during the study.

Vaccinees will get consent forms for their household and intimate contacts. All contacts must be age 18 65. All intimate contacts must sign a consent form. Contacts will have 4 visits over 8 months for blood tests and a physical exam.

All applicable participants will have a pregnancy test at every visit.

Vaccinees will have about 9 visits over 12 months. They will repeat screening tests and get:

1 of the 2 adenovirus vaccines sprayed in the nose at 2 visits

The booster vaccine by needle in an arm at 1 visit

Nasal swabs taken at some visits

Vaccinees will note their temperature and symptoms for at least 1 4 weeks after each vaccine.

Vaccinees may choose to have:

Leukapheresis. Blood will be removed by needle in a vein in one arm. A machine will remove white blood cells. The rest of the blood will be returned into the other arm.

Small pieces of the tonsil removed

Sponsoring Institute: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

...

Description

This is a Phase 1 study to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of adenovirus serotype 4 (Ad4)-based HIV vaccines when administered via the intranasal route to healthy human volunteers. It is hypothesized that the vaccines will be safe for human administration and will elicit immune responses to the HIV components. All study activities will be carried out at the NIH.

Each study vaccinee will receive 5x10^8 viral particles of either Ad4-Env150KN or Ad4-Env145NFL, administered as an intranasal spray at months 0 and 2. An intramuscular protein booster vaccination with the heterologous soluble trimeric protein VRC-HIVRGP096-00-VP (Trimer 4571) with alum will be administered to all vaccinees at month 6. Specimens to evaluate immunogenicity will be taken at baseline and at specified time points through month 12. The HIV-specific immune responses will be assessed by cellular immune function assays (intracellular cytokine analysis, flow cytometry-based killing assays), as well as measures of humoral immunity (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA] and neutralization assays).

The overall goal will be to compare the safety and immunogenicity of the Ad-HIV vaccine regimens. Participants who have previously received another HIV vaccine and/or are Ad4 seropositive will be enrolled into an exploratory arm to be analyzed separately.

Household contacts willing to participate and all intimate contacts (current and/or those expected within the first 4 weeks after vaccination) will also be enrolled and monitored for transmission of the vaccine virus by serology.

Details
Condition Healthy Volunteer
Treatment Ad4-Env145NFL, Ad4-Env150KN, VRC-HIVRGP096-00-VP (Trimer 4571) with alum
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03878121
SponsorNational Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Last Modified on4 October 2022

Eligibility

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

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Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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