Opioid Treatment and Recovery Through a Safe Pain Management Program

  • STATUS
    Not Recruiting
  • participants needed
    490
  • sponsor
    Ochsner Health System
Updated on 14 August 2022
analgesics
analgesia
morphine
opioid
cancer
depression
anxiety
behavior therapy
benzodiazepines
drug abuse
cancer pain
behavioral therapy
psychiatric disorder
depressed mood
cognitive therapy
psychotherapy
cognitive behavioral therapy
pain relieving
prescription drugs

Summary

Opioid prescription drug abuse has become a major public health concern in the United States with mortality rates from fatal overdoses reaching epidemic proportions. This opioid crisis coincides with national efforts to improve management of chronic non-cancer pain. The net result, however, has been ever-growing increases in medical expenditures related to prescription costs and increased healthcare service utilization among opioid abusers. Healthcare provider prescribing pattern, especially among non-pain management specialists such as primary care, is a major factor. Louisiana is a major contributor to the epidemic with the 7th highest opioid prescribing rates accompanied by a 12% increase in fatal overdoses.

Providers are overdue for implementing safe opioid management strategies in primary care to combat the opioid crisis. Recent practice guidelines provide recommendations on what to do for safe prescribing of opioids, but they do not provide guidance on how to translate them into practice. Health systems must find ways to accelerate guideline adoption in primary care in the face of an overdose crisis. Research that examines a combination workflow- and provider-focused strategies are needed. Given the high prevalence of psychiatric disorders among patients with chronic non-cancer pain, care team expansion with integration of collaborative mental/behavioral health services may be the solution. Collaborative care can extend opioid management beyond standardized monitoring of risk factors for opioid misuse or abuse and set clear protocols for next steps in management.

This study is aligned with the National Institute on Drug Abuse's interest in health systems research that examines approaches to screening, assessment, prevention, diagnosis and treatment for prescription drug abuse. It will examine the primary care practice redesign of managing chronic non-cancer pain within a large health system whose 40+ Accountable Care Network-affiliated, adult primary care clinics may serve as an example for transforming opioid management in primary care practices across the country. This four-year type 2 effectiveness-implementation hybrid stepped wedge cluster randomized control trial is designed to compare the clinical and cost effectiveness of electronic medical record-based clinical decision support guided care versus additional integrated, stepped collaborative care for opioid management of primary care patients with chronic non-cancer pain (clinical pharmacist for medication management; licensed clinical social worker for cognitive behavioral therapy and community health worker care coordination); and to examine facilitators and barriers to implementing this multi-component intervention. Investigators anticipate that our study results will elucidate the role of technology versus care team optimization in changing provider opioid prescribing behaviors. Investigators further anticipate that results of our study will demonstrate that integrated mental/behavioral health care for opioid management of chronic non-cancer pain increases value-based care and leads to greater efficiencies in the way that care is delivered.

Details
Condition Endogenous depression, Depression, Depression (Adult and Geriatric), Depression (Treatment-Resistant), Depression (Major/Severe), Depression, Depression (Pediatric), Depression (Adolescent), Pain, Post-Surgical Pain, Pain (Pediatric), Pain, ANXIETY NEUROSIS, Anxiety Disorders, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Anxiety Disorders (Pediatric), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD - Pediatric), Anxiety, Depression (Major/Severe), Chronic Pain, Chronic Pain, Anxiety Disorders (Pediatric), Depression (Adolescent), Depression (Pediatric), Depression (Adult and Geriatric), Depression (Treatment-Resistant), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Post-Surgical Pain, Depressed, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD - Pediatric), Opioid Use, Pain (Pediatric), Narcotic Use, Anxiety Symptoms, Anxiety Disorders, depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, depressed mood, miserable, depressive disorders, anxious, chronic pains
Treatment Electronic medical recorded clinical decision support [EMR CDS], Stepped opioid collaborative care model [CCM]
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03889418
SponsorOchsner Health System
Last Modified on14 August 2022

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