Paget's disease of the bone (PDB) is a metabolic bone disorder which in some individuals can cause pain, bone deformity, arthritis and deafness, although in many patients it does not cause symptoms. Paget's disease has a strong genetic component and SQSTM1 is the most important susceptibility gene. People who inherit mutations in SQSTM1 have a high risk of developing PDB later in life. This study is an extension of the ZiPP (Zoledronate in the Prevention of Paget's) study which was is randomised trial currently in progress to determine if the bisphosphonate zoledronic acid (ZA) can prevent or delay the development of PDB-like bone lesions compared with a dummy treatment (placebo) in people who inherit SQSMT1 gene mutations. Although the ZiPP study will provide information on whether early ZA treatment can favourably influence bone lesion development the significance of this to the patient in terms of symptoms is unclear as yet. The aim of the extension study is to keep these individuals under surveillance for any symptoms or signs of PDB over a further 5 year period and to evaluate if there has been any progression of PDB-like lesions by bone scan at the end of this period.
It is at present unclear whether intervention with bisphosphonates is of clinical benefit in early PDB. Although the ZiPP study is expected to provide information on whether ZA can favourably influence the development of bone lesions characteristic of early PDB as determined by radionuclide bone scan imaging, longer term follow up is required to determine if this will translate into clinical benefit. The extension study described here will provide new information on the natural history of PDB by follow up of people that took part in the ZIPP trial. Although the ZIPP-LTE study is an observational study, treatment for PDB may be given to participants according to normal clinical practice if they develop signs or symptoms of PDB during the extension. Treatment will therefore be offered to all participants that develop symptoms of PDB during follow up. Additionally, subjects that were previously been exposed to ZA in the core study will also be offered further ZA or another bisphosphonate licensed for PDB if they develop evidence of increased metabolic activity thought to be due to PDB, even if asymptomatic. The reason for this is that adverse effects are rare in patients who have previously been treated with ZA but are common on first exposure to ZA. Both therapeutic approaches are commonly used in patients with early PDB with no evidence that one is superior to another. In addition to providing information on the natural history of PDB, part of the aim of the extension will be to evaluate the risks and benefits of these two approaches to standard care of in terms of new lesion development, pain, quality of life and adverse events in the context of people who inherit SQSTM1 mutations.
|Clinical Study Identifier||NCT03859895|
|Sponsor||University of Edinburgh|
|Last Modified on||23 January 2021|
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