Lentiviral Gene Therapy for X-linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 18, 2024
  • participants needed
    5
  • sponsor
    Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust
Updated on 18 February 2021

Summary

Severe combined immunodeficiency disorder (SCID) is a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders characterized by a profound reduction or absence of T lymphocyte function, resulting in lack of both cellular and humoral immunity. SCID arises from a variety of molecular defects which affect lymphocyte development and function. The most common form of SCID is an X-linked form (SCID-X1), which accounts for 30-50% of all cases. SCID-X1 is caused by defects in the common cytokine receptor gamma chain, which was originally identified as a component of the high affinity interleukin-2 receptor (IL2RG).

Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), which replaces the patient's bone marrow with that of a healthy donor, is the only treatment that definitively restores the normal function of the bone marrow. HSCT is the first choice of treatment for patients with signs of bone marrow failure and a fully-matched related donor. However, patients without a fully-matched related donor have much worse overall outcomes from HSCT.

This study will investigate whether patients with SCID-X1 without a fully matched related donor may benefit from gene therapy. To do this the investigators propose to perform a phase I/II clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy (effect) of gene therapy for SCID-X1 patients using a lentivirus delivery system containing the IL2RG gene. Up to 5 eligible SCID-X1 patients will undergo mobilisation and harvest of their haematopoietic stem precursor cells (HPSCs). In the laboratory the disabled lentivirus will be used to insert a normal human IL2RG gene into the patient's harvested HPSCs. Patients will receive chemotherapy conditioning prior to cell infusion, in order to enhance grafting. The genetically corrected stem cells will then be re-infused into the patient. Patients will be followed up for 2 years. This trial will determine whether gene therapy for SCID-X1 using a lentiviral vector is safe, feasible and effective

Details
Condition X-Linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency
Treatment Lentiviral vector transduced CD34+ cells
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03601286
SponsorGreat Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust
Last Modified on18 February 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Diagnosis of SCID-X1 based on immunophenotype and lack of T cell function (proliferation to PHA <10% of the lower limit of normal for the laboratory) AND confirmed by a mutation in IL2RG
Lack of an HLA identical (A, B, C, DR, DQ) related donor
Age <5 years
Signed informed consent
Documentation of willingness to follow up for 15 years post-infusion
If the patient has previously undergone allogeneic transplant or gene therapy, insufficiency of graft-derived T cell engraftment must be documented
Age at least 8 weeks of age by the time of busulfan administration

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with an active, therapy-resistant infection. Infections that are known to be highly morbid in SCID patients will be considered active and therapy-resistant if the infectious agent is repeatedly isolated despite a minimum of 2 weeks of appropriate therapy and is associated with significant organ dysfunction (including but not limited to abnormalities listed below)
Mechanical ventilation including continuous positive airway pressure
Abnormal liver function defined by AST and ALT >10 times the upper range of normal OR Bilirubin >2 mg/dL
Shortening fraction on echocardiogram <25% or ejection fraction <50%
Renal failure defined as glomerular filtration rate <30 ml/min/1.73 m2 or dialysis dependence
Uncontrolled seizure disorder
Encephalopathy
Documented coexistence of any disorder known to affect DNA repair
Diagnosis of active malignant disease other than EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disease
Patients with evidence of infection with HIV-1
Previous allogeneic transplant with cytoreductive chemotherapy
Major (life-threatening) congenital anomalies. Examples of "major (life-threatening) congenital anomalies" include, but are not limited to: unrepaired cyanotic heart disease, hypoplastic lungs, anencephaly or other major central nervous system malformations, other severe non-repairable malformations of the gastrointestinal or genitourinary tracts that significantly impair organ function
Other conditions which in the opinion of the P.I. or Co-investigators, contra-indicate collection and/or infusion of transduced cells or indicate patient's inability to follow the protocol. These may include for example clinical ineligibility to receive anaesthesia, severe deterioration of clinical condition of the patient after collection of bone marrow but before infusion of transduced cells, or documented refusal or inability of the family to return for scheduled visits. There may be other unforeseen rare circumstances that would result in exclusion of the patient, such as sudden loss of legal guardianship
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