Last updated on December 2018

Validation Of Tidal/End -Tidal CO2 in ALS

Brief description of study

The study team propose that a new, hand-held test device may be valuable in the management of breathing failure in patients with Motor Neurone Disease (MND). The study team need to validate this device against the current gold standard of blood gas analysis and determine whether people with MND can use it at home. The new device, called 'N-Tidal C' measures the carbon dioxide (CO2) in expired breath. At the end of the breath (end tidal) the CO2 level gives an indication of the CO2 in the person's arterial blood. Ventilatory failure is diagnosed at present using the value of CO2 in the arterial blood, but usually this can only be measured in specialist clinics. The study will determine if the end tidal CO2 measured by the new device agrees with CO2 measured on a blood test in clinic and also whether or not the device is practical for home use. The team will analyse the output of the device during home monitoring to see if changes in the pattern of CO2 in the expired breath identify, or even predict, the development of breathing failure in the community. With the results of these measures and detailed information about the patients in Papworth's clinic, recruited to this study, collected over a year the team will design a follow on study to see if using the new device at home can improve survival and quality of life for people with MND.

Detailed Study Description

This is a prospective, observational study of patients attending Royal Papworth Hospital's weekly MND clinic. If a patient decides to participate in the study, they will continue to receive all normal care. Researchers will ask permission to review the results of any medical investigations and tests previously undertaken, by looking in medical records and will collect new data prospectively. There will be two groups of patients recruited:

A).Hospital Questionnaire Monitoring Group (12 months) for up to 200 patients who will:

i) Have four routine hospital based assessments (every 3 months, standard care) ii) Above usual care: completion of the ALSFRS-R questionnaire at each clinic (4 in total. The ALSFRS-R (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Score-Revised) measures range of difficulties that people with MND can have in their daily lives. The results from this questionnaire help to measure the severity of MND symptoms, and how fast the disease is progressing. B). Home Device Monitoring Group (12-18 months) for 30 patients These participants patient will be given a portable monitoring device (called the N-Tidal C) to record their breathing pattern in clinic and at home and have: i) Four to six routine hospital based assessments (every 3 months, standard care) ii) Completion of an ALSFRS-R symptom questionnaire at each visit (4-6 in total) iii) Telephone consultation 2 weeks after commencing home monitoring to validate correct and safe use of the device (1 in total) iv) Completion of a supervised N-Tidal C breath record at each clinic visit (4 to 6 total) v) Completion of a weekly symptom diary (up to 52 in total) vi) Home monitoring with N-Tidal C for 75 seconds, 3 times per day (up to 12 months) The range of 4 to 6 assessments covers the eventuality that participants may start in group A and transfer to group B as their condition changes. This will be determined by the treating doctor and will be based upon their lung function, limb weakness and whether they (or a carer) are able to use the device. During the home monitoring trial, data collected by the N-Tidal C device will be downloaded at each clinic visit, to check that the device is correctly recording data. Researchers will not be able to analyse the data collected by the device.

Only the information obtained from the standard measurements (standard care) will be used to decide when a patient needs help with their breathing at night time by starting a ventilator. A patient participating in the Home Monitoring Group will continue to use their N-Tidal C device to record their daytime breathing 3 times per day, after they start using a ventilator.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03764384

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Royal Papworth NHS Foundation Trust

Papworth Everard, United Kingdom
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Recruitment Status: Open

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